Probiotics and Immune Response to Exercise

David Pyne, Nicholas West, Allan Cripps

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Probiotics are live microorganisms present in several foods and nutritional supplements that may prevent or limit the effects of various illnesses and infections and elicit a range of health benefits in physically active individuals. The primary clinical areas of interest with probiotics include metabolism; gastrointestinal, inflammatory, and functional disorders; the respiratory system; and a range of infections and allergies. The gastrointestinal tract is a key element controlling and regulating adaptation to exercise and physical activity. Gut symptomatology such as nausea, bloating, cramping, pain, diarrhea, and bleeding occurs in some highly active individuals such as athletes, particularly in prolonged exhaustive events. A small number of studies examining probiotic supplementation in highly active individuals indicate modest clinical benefits in terms of reduced frequency, severity, and/or duration of respiratory and gastrointestinal illness. The purported mechanisms of action for probiotics include direct interaction with the gut microbiota, interaction with the gut epithelium and mucosal immune system, and via immune signaling to organs and systems including the liver, brain, and respiratory tract. Future research will identify additional biologically and clinically beneficial strains, validate multicomponent formulations, clarify dose-response issues, and inform the development of guidelines for clinicians, health care practitioners, and the general community. © 2013 The Author(s).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)51-59
    Number of pages9
    JournalAmerican Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
    Volume7
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Fingerprint

    Probiotics
    Exercise
    Respiratory System
    Gastrointestinal Diseases
    Insurance Benefits
    Dietary Supplements
    Infection
    Athletes
    General Practitioners
    Nausea
    Gastrointestinal Tract
    Diarrhea
    Immune System
    Hypersensitivity
    Epithelium
    Guidelines
    Hemorrhage
    Delivery of Health Care
    Pain
    Liver

    Cite this

    Pyne, David ; West, Nicholas ; Cripps, Allan. / Probiotics and Immune Response to Exercise. In: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. 2013 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 51-59.
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    Probiotics and Immune Response to Exercise. / Pyne, David; West, Nicholas; Cripps, Allan.

    In: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2013, p. 51-59.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AB - Probiotics are live microorganisms present in several foods and nutritional supplements that may prevent or limit the effects of various illnesses and infections and elicit a range of health benefits in physically active individuals. The primary clinical areas of interest with probiotics include metabolism; gastrointestinal, inflammatory, and functional disorders; the respiratory system; and a range of infections and allergies. The gastrointestinal tract is a key element controlling and regulating adaptation to exercise and physical activity. Gut symptomatology such as nausea, bloating, cramping, pain, diarrhea, and bleeding occurs in some highly active individuals such as athletes, particularly in prolonged exhaustive events. A small number of studies examining probiotic supplementation in highly active individuals indicate modest clinical benefits in terms of reduced frequency, severity, and/or duration of respiratory and gastrointestinal illness. The purported mechanisms of action for probiotics include direct interaction with the gut microbiota, interaction with the gut epithelium and mucosal immune system, and via immune signaling to organs and systems including the liver, brain, and respiratory tract. Future research will identify additional biologically and clinically beneficial strains, validate multicomponent formulations, clarify dose-response issues, and inform the development of guidelines for clinicians, health care practitioners, and the general community. © 2013 The Author(s).

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