Professor Heinz Neudecker and matrix differential calculus

Shuangzhe Liu, Götz Trenkler, Tõnu Kollo, Dietrich von Rosen, Oskar Maria Baksalary

Research output: Contribution to journalOther Journal Articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The late Professor Heinz Neudecker (1933–2017) made significant contributions to the development of matrix differential calculus and its applications to econometrics, psychometrics, statistics, and other areas. In this paper, we present an insightful overview of matrix-oriented findings and their consequential implications in statistics, drawn from a careful selection of works either authored by Professor Neudecker himself or closely aligned with his scientific pursuits. The topics covered include matrix derivatives, vectorisation operators, special matrices, matrix products, inequalities, generalised inverses, moments and asymptotics, and efficiency comparisons within the realm of multivariate linear modelling. Based on the contributions of Professor Neudecker, several results related to matrix derivatives, statistical moments and the multivariate linear model, which can literally be considered to be his top three areas of research enthusiasm, are particularly included.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-35
Number of pages35
JournalStatistical Papers
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2023


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