Proposal for a unified classification system and nomenclature of lagoviruses

Jacques Le Pendu, Joana Abrantes, Stéphane Bertagnoli, Jean Sébastien Guitton, Ghislaine Le Gall-Reculé, Ana Margarida Lopes, Stéphane Marchandeau, Fernando Alda, Tereza Almeida, Alves Paulo Célio, Juan Bárcena, Galina Burmakina, Esther Blanco, Carlos Calvete, Patrizia Cavadini, Brian Cooke, Kevin Dalton, Miguel Delibes Mateos, Wieslaw Deptula, John Sebastian Eden & 32 others Fang Wang, Catarina C. Ferreira, Paula Ferreira, Pilar Foronda, David Gonçalves, Dolores Gavier-Widén, Robin Hall, Beata Hukowska-Szematowicz, Peter Kerr, John Kovaliski, Antonio Lavazza, Jackie Mahar, Alexander Malogolovkin, Raquel M. Marques, Sara Marques, Aaron Martin-Alonso, Pedro Monterroso, Sacramento Moreno, Greg Mutze, Aleksija Neimanis, Paulina Niedzwiedzka-Rystwej, David Peacock, Francisco Parra, Mara Rocchi, Carlos Rouco, Nathalie Ruvoën-Clouet, Eliane Silva, Diogo Silvério, Tanja Strive, Gertrudes Thompson, Beata Tokarz-Deptula, Pedro Esteves

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35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lagoviruses belong to the Caliciviridae family. They were first recognized as highly pathogenic viruses of the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and European brown hare (Lepus europaeus) that emerged in the 1970–1980s, namely, rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) and European brown hare syndrome virus (EBHSV), according to the host species from which they had been first detected. However, the diversity of lagoviruses has recently expanded to include new related viruses with varying pathogenicity, geographic distribution and host ranges. Together with the frequent recombination observed amongst circulating viruses, there is a clear need to establish precise guidelines for classifying and naming lagovirus strains. Therefore, here we propose a new nomenclature based on phylogenetic relationships. In this new nomenclature, a single species of lagovirus would be recognized and called Lagovirus europaeus. The species would be divided into two genogroups that correspond to RHDV- and EBHSV-related viruses, respectively. Genogroups could be subdivided into genotypes, which could themselves be subdivided into phylogenetically well-supported variants. Based on available sequences, pairwise distance cutoffs have been defined, but with the accumulation of new sequences these cutoffs may need to be revised. We propose that an international working group could coordinate the nomenclature of lagoviruses and any proposals for revision.

Original languageEnglish
Article number000840
Pages (from-to)1658-1666
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume98
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

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Le Pendu, J., Abrantes, J., Bertagnoli, S., Guitton, J. S., Le Gall-Reculé, G., Lopes, A. M., ... Esteves, P. (2017). Proposal for a unified classification system and nomenclature of lagoviruses. Journal of General Virology, 98(7), 1658-1666. [000840]. https://doi.org/10.1099/jgv.0.000840