Pseudo-States and Sovereign Citizens

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International law formally acknowledges the existence of some nations that have a small population and a small land mass, for example, Liechtenstein and the Pacific nations of Niue, Nauru, and Tuvalu, all four having a population of under 50,000 citizens. Alongside domestic law, international law does not acknowledge what have variously been dubbed microstates, pseudo-states, or even DIY states, for example, Sealand and the Republic of Rose Island – “states” whose territory comprised small offshore platforms. These are entities that involve an individual or small collective of people unsuccessfully asserting sovereignty within a nation, on a platform within or contiguous to a nation’s territorial waters, or even on a “seasteading” vessel that resembles a cruise liner.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGlobal Encyclopedia of Territorial Rights
EditorsKevin W. Gray, Costas Laoutides, Laura Lo Coco, Lavonna L. Lovern, Nick C. Sagos, Katrinka Somdahl-Sands
Number of pages9
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Feb 2023


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