Psychometric Properties of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale in Eight African Countries and Switzerland

Sabrina Verardi, Donatien Dahourou, Jennifer Ah-kion, Uma Bhowon, Caroline Ng Tseung, Denis Amoussou-yeye, Marcel Adjahouisso, Cherifa Bouatta, Daouda Dougoumalé Cissé, Mamadou Mbodji, Oumar Barry, David Minga Minga, François Ondongo, Dieudonné Tsokini, Christine Rigozzi, Franz Meyer De Stadelhofen, Jérôme Rossier

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35 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to assess the cross-cultural validity of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability scale short form C, in a large sample of French-speaking participants from eight African countries and Switzerland. Exploratory and confirmatory analyses suggested retaining a two-factor structure. Item bias detection according to country was conducted for all
13 items and effect was calculated with R2. For the two-factor solution, 9 items were associated with a negligible effect size, 3 items with a moderate one, and 1 item with a large one. A series of analyses of covariance considering the acquiescence variable as a covariate showed that the acquiescence tendency does not contribute to the bias at item level. This research indicates that
the psychometric properties of this instrument do not reach a scalar equivalence but that a culturally reliable measurement of social desirability could be developed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-34
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


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