Psychosocial Control Characteristics of Delinquents and Nondelinquents

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous research into control theory has primarily employed self-reported delinquency data and recruited students rather than young offenders as subjects. It has been uncertain if the control approach is useful in understanding the behavior of truly delinquent young offenders. The present study examined the psychosocial control characteristics of 103 pairs of official delinquents and nondelinquents matched on social background. Delinquents were found to have lower levels of personal and social control than nondelinquents. Delinquents were more impulsive, were less attached to their parents, liked school less, and had lower educational and occupational expectations and weaker beliefs in the moral validity of the law. These findings provide further evidence of the utility of extending Hirschi's (1969) social control theory to include personal control characteristics, particularly impulse control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-303
Number of pages17
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1991

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control theory
social control
offender
Parents
Students
social background
delinquency
Research
parents
Law
school
evidence
student
Social Theory

Cite this

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Psychosocial Control Characteristics of Delinquents and Nondelinquents. / Mak, Anita S.

In: Criminal Justice and Behavior, Vol. 18, No. 3, 01.01.1991, p. 287-303.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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