Public health and environmental health risk assessment: Which paradigm and in whose best interests?

Colin L. Soskolne

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Introduction to the role of epidemiology in public health risk governance and risk assessment Epidemiology· is the applied science- central to public health. It provides the methods to study the distribution and determinants of diseases in populations. That is epidemiologists are concerned about the geographic occurrence of diseases both acute and chronic as well as their causes. Because of its focus on populations, epidemiology is the science that bridges toxicological research on animals in laboratory settings to human health studies, critical to the formulation of rational, evidence-based health policy. The focus of epidemiology is on community health; namely, on the prevention of disease, disability and premature death in communities of people as well as animals. In the chronic disease realm, epidemiologists study a health problem not only to contribute to knowledge on the relationship between exposure to putative causal agents (such as man-made pollutants) and disease occurrence, but as an applied science with a view to developing policy interventions to mitigate or correct the problem of exposure to harm. The epidemiologic method is critical to environmental risk governance, which provides a framework that includes risk evaluation at the local level. Risk evaluation is one of the central steps in the classical health risk assessment paradigm to identify needs for risk management. As with any scholarly discipline, there are approaches (or paradigms) that are more appropriate than others to address a problem. This chapter speaks to paradigmatic options that can be selected, with every intention of doing good as opposed to harm, or not. Paradigms may be used, .or abused, to serve special/ narrow interests rather than serving the public interest.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEcological Systems Integrity: Governance, Law and Human Rights
    EditorsLaura Westra, Janice Gray, Vasiliki Karageorgou
    Place of PublicationLondon
    PublisherTaylor and Francis Inc.
    Pages191-200
    Number of pages10
    Edition1
    ISBN (Electronic)9781317501312
    ISBN (Print)9781138885103
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2015

    Fingerprint

    Environmental Health
    environmental risk
    health risk
    risk assessment
    public health
    epidemiology
    Epidemiology
    Public Health
    disease occurrence
    Health
    applied science
    governance
    chronic diseases
    Chronic Disease
    community health
    Epidemiologic Methods
    health policy
    acute course
    Premature Mortality
    disease prevention

    Cite this

    Soskolne, C. L. (2015). Public health and environmental health risk assessment: Which paradigm and in whose best interests? In L. Westra, J. Gray, & V. Karageorgou (Eds.), Ecological Systems Integrity: Governance, Law and Human Rights (1 ed., pp. 191-200). London: Taylor and Francis Inc.. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315714547
    Soskolne, Colin L. / Public health and environmental health risk assessment: Which paradigm and in whose best interests?. Ecological Systems Integrity: Governance, Law and Human Rights. editor / Laura Westra ; Janice Gray ; Vasiliki Karageorgou. 1. ed. London : Taylor and Francis Inc., 2015. pp. 191-200
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    abstract = "Introduction to the role of epidemiology in public health risk governance and risk assessment Epidemiology· is the applied science- central to public health. It provides the methods to study the distribution and determinants of diseases in populations. That is epidemiologists are concerned about the geographic occurrence of diseases both acute and chronic as well as their causes. Because of its focus on populations, epidemiology is the science that bridges toxicological research on animals in laboratory settings to human health studies, critical to the formulation of rational, evidence-based health policy. The focus of epidemiology is on community health; namely, on the prevention of disease, disability and premature death in communities of people as well as animals. In the chronic disease realm, epidemiologists study a health problem not only to contribute to knowledge on the relationship between exposure to putative causal agents (such as man-made pollutants) and disease occurrence, but as an applied science with a view to developing policy interventions to mitigate or correct the problem of exposure to harm. The epidemiologic method is critical to environmental risk governance, which provides a framework that includes risk evaluation at the local level. Risk evaluation is one of the central steps in the classical health risk assessment paradigm to identify needs for risk management. As with any scholarly discipline, there are approaches (or paradigms) that are more appropriate than others to address a problem. This chapter speaks to paradigmatic options that can be selected, with every intention of doing good as opposed to harm, or not. Paradigms may be used, .or abused, to serve special/ narrow interests rather than serving the public interest.",
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    Soskolne, CL 2015, Public health and environmental health risk assessment: Which paradigm and in whose best interests? in L Westra, J Gray & V Karageorgou (eds), Ecological Systems Integrity: Governance, Law and Human Rights. 1 edn, Taylor and Francis Inc., London, pp. 191-200. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315714547

    Public health and environmental health risk assessment: Which paradigm and in whose best interests? / Soskolne, Colin L.

    Ecological Systems Integrity: Governance, Law and Human Rights. ed. / Laura Westra; Janice Gray; Vasiliki Karageorgou. 1. ed. London : Taylor and Francis Inc., 2015. p. 191-200.

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

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    Soskolne CL. Public health and environmental health risk assessment: Which paradigm and in whose best interests? In Westra L, Gray J, Karageorgou V, editors, Ecological Systems Integrity: Governance, Law and Human Rights. 1 ed. London: Taylor and Francis Inc. 2015. p. 191-200 https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315714547