Public sector management and the changing nature of the developmental state in Korea and Malaysia

Mark TURNER, Michael O'Donnell, Chung Sok Suh, Seung Ho Kwon

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Abstract

This article traces the role of the state in developmental theory and practice, paying particular attention to public sector management. The early orthodoxy of modernisation theory put the state at the centre of development, giving it prime responsibility for generating development. Realisations of the shortcomings of modernisation theory and disappointment with its results led to the rise of neoliberal approaches in development thinking and action, with a focus on the shrinking state. However, in turn, the efficacy of neoliberalism has been questioned, and its human toll has been critiqued. Coupled with evidence of the success of the East Asian developmental states, the result has been a rethinking of the state and a new acknowledgment of its central role in development. Strong institutions and efficient, effective and responsive public sector management have been identified as key ingredients of capable states that made development happen. In outlining this trajectory, the article introduces the case studies that comprise this symposium
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-494
Number of pages14
JournalEconomic and Labour Relations Review
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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