Qualitative Evidence

Jane Noyes, Andrew Booth, Margaret Cargo, Kate Flemming, Angela Harden, Janet Harris, Ruth Garside, Karin Hannes, Tomas Pantoja, James Thomas

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter in text bookpeer-review

    186 Citations (Scopus)


    This chapter provides authors (who already have experience of undertaking qualitative research and qualitative evidence synthesis) with additional guidance on undertaking a qualitative evidence synthesis that is subsequently integrated with an intervention review. There are two main designs for synthesizing qualitative evidence with evidence of the effects of interventions: sequential reviews; and convergent mixed‐methods review. The Cochrane Qualitative and Implementation Methods Group website provides links to practical guidance and key steps for authors who are considering a qualitative evidence synthesis. The RETREAT framework outlines seven key considerations that review authors should systematically work through when planning a review. The review question is critical to development of the qualitative evidence synthesis. Question development affords a key point for integration with the intervention review. Review authors can integrate a qualitative evidence synthesis with an existing intervention review published on a similar topic, or conduct a new intervention review and qualitative evidence syntheses in parallel before integration.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions, Second Edition
    EditorsJulian P.T. Higgins, James Thomas, Jacqueline Chandler, Miranda Cumpston, Tianjing Li, Matthew J. Page, Vivian A. Welch
    Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
    Number of pages21
    ISBN (Electronic)9781119536604
    ISBN (Print)9781119536628
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Sept 2019


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