Quantum criticality of spin-1 bosons in a one-dimensional harmonic trap

C. C.N. Kuhn, X. W. Guan, A. Foerster, M. T. Batchelor

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10 Citations (Scopus)


We investigate universal thermodynamics and quantum criticality of spin-1 bosons with strongly repulsive density-density and antiferromagnetic spin-exchange interactions in a one-dimensional harmonic trap. From the equation of state, we find that a partially polarized core is surrounded by two wings composed of either spin-singlet pairs or a fully spin-aligned Tonks-Girardeau gas depending on the polarization. We describe how the scaling behavior of density profiles can reveal the universal nature of quantum criticality and map out the quantum phase diagram. We further show that at quantum criticality the dynamical critical exponent z=2 and correlation length exponent ν=1/2. This reveals a subtle resemblance to the physics of the spin-1/2 attractive Fermi gas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number011605
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes


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