Raman analysis of iron-gall inks on parchment

Alana Lee, P Mahon, Dudley Creagh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    79 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    For centuries, iron gall inks were the most commonly used black inks in the Western world. Many documents, manuscripts and artworks are now suffering varying degrees of degradation due to the corrosive nature and colour instability of the ink. Raman microspectroscopy has been used to analyze historic iron gall inks in situ on parchments, iron gall inks prepared following traditional recipes, separate ink components and various combinations of components. FT-Raman spectroscopy was also applied to the latter samples. This research investigates the optimization of the technique and some problems encountered in the collection of Raman spectra for iron gall inks. Preliminary results from sample analysis are presented.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)170-175
    Number of pages6
    JournalVibrational Spectroscopy
    Volume41
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

    Fingerprint

    Ink
    Iron
    Caustics
    Raman spectroscopy
    Raman scattering
    Color
    Degradation

    Cite this

    Lee, Alana ; Mahon, P ; Creagh, Dudley. / Raman analysis of iron-gall inks on parchment. In: Vibrational Spectroscopy. 2006 ; Vol. 41. pp. 170-175.
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    abstract = "For centuries, iron gall inks were the most commonly used black inks in the Western world. Many documents, manuscripts and artworks are now suffering varying degrees of degradation due to the corrosive nature and colour instability of the ink. Raman microspectroscopy has been used to analyze historic iron gall inks in situ on parchments, iron gall inks prepared following traditional recipes, separate ink components and various combinations of components. FT-Raman spectroscopy was also applied to the latter samples. This research investigates the optimization of the technique and some problems encountered in the collection of Raman spectra for iron gall inks. Preliminary results from sample analysis are presented.",
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    Raman analysis of iron-gall inks on parchment. / Lee, Alana; Mahon, P; Creagh, Dudley.

    In: Vibrational Spectroscopy, Vol. 41, 2006, p. 170-175.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Mahon, P

    AU - Creagh, Dudley

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    KW - Degradation

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    KW - Ink analysis

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    KW - Raman microspectroscopy

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