Rapid Objective Testing of Visual Function Matched to the ETDRS Grid and Its Diagnostic Power in Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Bhim B. Rai, Faran Sabeti, Corinne F. Carle, Emilie M. Rohan, Josh P. van Kleef, Rohan W. Essex, Richard C. Barry, Ted Maddess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
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Purpose: To study the power of an 80-second multifocal pupillographic objective perimetry (mfPOP) test tailored to the ETDRS grid to diagnose age-related macular degeneration (AMD) by Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) severity grade. Design: Evaluation of a diagnostic technology. Methods: We compared diagnostic power of acuity, ETDRS grid retinal thickness data, new 80-second M18 mfPOP test, and two wider-field 6-minute mfPOP tests (Macular-P131, Widefield-P129). The M18 stimuli match the size and shape of bifurcated ETDRS grid regions, allowing easy structure–function comparisons. M18, P129, and P131 stimuli test both eyes concurrently. We recruited 34 patients with early-stage AMD with a mean ± standard deviation (SD) age of 72.6 ± 7.06 years. The M18 and P129 plus P131 stimuli had 26 and 51 control participants, respectively with mean ± SD ages of 73.1 ± 8.17 years and 72.1 ± 5.83 years, respectively. Multifocal pupillographic objective perimetry testing used the Food and Drug Administration-cleared Objective FIELD Analyzer (OFA; Konan Medical USA). Main Outcome Measures: Percentage area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUC) and Hedge's g effect size. Results: Acuity and OCT ETDRS grid thickness and volume produced reasonable diagnostic power (percentage AUC) for AREDS grade 4 eyes at 83.9 ± 9.98% and 90.2 ± 6.32% (mean ± standard error), respectively, but not for eyes with less severe disease. By contrast, M18 stimuli produced percentage AUCs from 72.8 ± 6.65% (AREDS grade 2) to 92.9 ± 3.93% (AREDS grade 4), and 82.9 ± 3.71% for all eyes. Hedge's g effect sizes ranged from 0.84 to 2.32 (large to huge). Percentage AUC for P131 stimuli performed similarly and for P129 performed somewhat less well. Conclusions: The rapid and objective M18 test provided diagnostic power comparable with that of wider-field 6-minute mfPOP tests. Unlike acuity or OCT ETDRS grid data, OFA tests produced reasonable diagnostic power in AREDS grade 1 to 3 eyes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100143
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalOphthalmology Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


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