RE: Ganga clean-up: Smaller scale strategies are preferred

Abhik Abhik Gupta, Ben KEFFORD

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

Abstract

RE: Ganga clean-up: Smaller scale strategies are preferredAbhik Gupta, University professor,Department of Ecology & Environmental Science, Assam University, IndiaOther Contributors:Ben J Kefford, University associate professor,Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra, Australia (16 November 2018)
In this editorial, Shah et al. have revived the "Ganges water machine" (GWM) concept put forward in the 1970’s (1), and advocated for recently (e.g. 2). Essentially, this strategy involves intensive winter and pre-monsoon drawing down of groundwater which are then refilled by monsoon rains, floodwaters and snowmelt. The GWM is designed to increase dependence on groundwater so as to leave more surface water for maintaining environmental flow to flush pollutants from the river. However, this prescription needs to be examined carefully from several standpoints before adoption. Firstly, six of the seven sub-basins where the GWM was assessed to have high efficacy (3) have high arsenic concentrations, and groundwater irrigation has already resulted in widespread As contamination of soil, vegetables, rice, and other crops (4). Secondly, groundwater use for irrigation already accounts for 67% of irrigation water within the Ganges Basin (5). It is not certain how pushing it further would significantly control flood and increase lean-season flow. Thirdly, land subsidence due to intensive pumping may occur in places (2). Instead of going for spectacular action plans, it may be more prudent to implement smaller scale strategies including improvement of discharge water quality and generating mass awareness among riparian communities to adopt eco-friendly practices – with the help of religious and cultural leaders - throughout the Ganges basin.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-1
Number of pages1
JournalScience
Volume362
Issue number6414
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2018

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groundwater
irrigation
monsoon
basin
water
action plan
flood control
snowmelt
vegetable
arsenic
pumping
subsidence
rice
ecology
surface water
water quality
crop
pollutant
winter
river

Cite this

Abhik Gupta, Abhik ; KEFFORD, Ben. / RE: Ganga clean-up: Smaller scale strategies are preferred. In: Science. 2018 ; Vol. 362, No. 6414. pp. 1-1.
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Abhik Gupta, A & KEFFORD, B 2018, 'RE: Ganga clean-up: Smaller scale strategies are preferred', Science, vol. 362, no. 6414, pp. 1-1.

RE: Ganga clean-up: Smaller scale strategies are preferred. / Abhik Gupta, Abhik; KEFFORD, Ben.

In: Science, Vol. 362, No. 6414, 16.11.2018, p. 1-1.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

TY - JOUR

T1 - RE: Ganga clean-up: Smaller scale strategies are preferred

AU - Abhik Gupta, Abhik

AU - KEFFORD, Ben

PY - 2018/11/16

Y1 - 2018/11/16

N2 - RE: Ganga clean-up: Smaller scale strategies are preferredAbhik Gupta, University professor,Department of Ecology & Environmental Science, Assam University, IndiaOther Contributors:Ben J Kefford, University associate professor,Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra, Australia (16 November 2018)In this editorial, Shah et al. have revived the "Ganges water machine" (GWM) concept put forward in the 1970’s (1), and advocated for recently (e.g. 2). Essentially, this strategy involves intensive winter and pre-monsoon drawing down of groundwater which are then refilled by monsoon rains, floodwaters and snowmelt. The GWM is designed to increase dependence on groundwater so as to leave more surface water for maintaining environmental flow to flush pollutants from the river. However, this prescription needs to be examined carefully from several standpoints before adoption. Firstly, six of the seven sub-basins where the GWM was assessed to have high efficacy (3) have high arsenic concentrations, and groundwater irrigation has already resulted in widespread As contamination of soil, vegetables, rice, and other crops (4). Secondly, groundwater use for irrigation already accounts for 67% of irrigation water within the Ganges Basin (5). It is not certain how pushing it further would significantly control flood and increase lean-season flow. Thirdly, land subsidence due to intensive pumping may occur in places (2). Instead of going for spectacular action plans, it may be more prudent to implement smaller scale strategies including improvement of discharge water quality and generating mass awareness among riparian communities to adopt eco-friendly practices – with the help of religious and cultural leaders - throughout the Ganges basin.

AB - RE: Ganga clean-up: Smaller scale strategies are preferredAbhik Gupta, University professor,Department of Ecology & Environmental Science, Assam University, IndiaOther Contributors:Ben J Kefford, University associate professor,Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra, Australia (16 November 2018)In this editorial, Shah et al. have revived the "Ganges water machine" (GWM) concept put forward in the 1970’s (1), and advocated for recently (e.g. 2). Essentially, this strategy involves intensive winter and pre-monsoon drawing down of groundwater which are then refilled by monsoon rains, floodwaters and snowmelt. The GWM is designed to increase dependence on groundwater so as to leave more surface water for maintaining environmental flow to flush pollutants from the river. However, this prescription needs to be examined carefully from several standpoints before adoption. Firstly, six of the seven sub-basins where the GWM was assessed to have high efficacy (3) have high arsenic concentrations, and groundwater irrigation has already resulted in widespread As contamination of soil, vegetables, rice, and other crops (4). Secondly, groundwater use for irrigation already accounts for 67% of irrigation water within the Ganges Basin (5). It is not certain how pushing it further would significantly control flood and increase lean-season flow. Thirdly, land subsidence due to intensive pumping may occur in places (2). Instead of going for spectacular action plans, it may be more prudent to implement smaller scale strategies including improvement of discharge water quality and generating mass awareness among riparian communities to adopt eco-friendly practices – with the help of religious and cultural leaders - throughout the Ganges basin.

KW - Ganges basin

KW - India

KW - Water Resources

KW - Ganges water machine

M3 - Letter

VL - 362

SP - 1

EP - 1

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 1095-9203

IS - 6414

ER -