Recalling yesterday and predicating tomorrow

Janie Busby Grant, Thomas Suddendorf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

220 Citations (Scopus)


Three-, 4- and 5-year-old children were asked to report something that they did do yesterday and something that they were going to do tomorrow. They were also asked to recall events that had not occurred yesterday, and predict events that would not occur tomorrow. In two studies these simple questions revealed striking age differences in the ability to report personal events from the past and the future. Only a minority of 3-year-olds but a majority of the older children were able to appropriately answer these questions. These findings substantiate the proposal that the ability to recall past events and the ability to predict future events (i.e., mental time travel), emerge in tandem between the ages of 3 and 5 years
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-372
Number of pages11
JournalCognitive Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes


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