(Re)Conceptualising the third face of power: Insights from Bourdieu and Foucault

Sadiya AKRAM, Guy Emerson, David MARSH

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    The strength of Lukes’ third face of power is the recognition that agents can be influenced by structures and ideas in ways of which they are unaware. The weakness of Lukes’ position is that his consideration of the third face is underdeveloped. In this article, we argue that Bourdieu and Foucault’s work offer fruitful ways of exploring this ‘pre-conscious’ dimension. Using Bourdieu’s work, the core of any understanding of the third face is rooted in the relationship between the social field and the habitus, while, for Foucault, the focus is upon the construction of the subject and her preferences in relation to the ongoing production of power. We subsequently explore the differences between their positions
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)345-362
    Number of pages18
    JournalJournal of Political Power
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


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