Reconciling Urban Landscape Values

Andrew MACKENZIE, Gay Williamson

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

    Abstract

    Protecting the landscape values of urban open spaces in the face of significant change to the surrounding urban structure highlights a particular tension between two apparently conflicting goals for more sustainable development. On one hand the compact city agenda seeks to increase the density of cities and on the other, large tracts of urban open space, left undeveloped for its scenic quality, conservation or recreation values, provide innumerable ecosystem services. The apparent tension is that these landscapes can contribute to the dispersed urban structure. Despite the innumerable ecosystem services these landscapes offer, they contribute to the dispersed nature of the city and are costly and difficult to manage. This tension is further complicated when these urban landscapes are gazetted as part of a national significance narrative and remote from the municipal challenges of delivering a more sustainable urban form. For the capital cities of Australia and Canada, this has resulted in a complex set of policy issues that highlight the challenges of planning and managing urban landscapes. This paper explores the history of open space systems gazetted by national governments in Ottawa and Canberra, the respective capitals of Canada and Australia. It examines how these cities have approached their metropolitan planning strategies and comments on the way landscapes have been accommodated in future urban growth through strategic plans and policies. In doing so it identifies the challenges faced when urban open spaces, deemed to be locally or nationally significant, compete for increasingly scarce government resources and face increasing pressures from urban consolidation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationUHPH_14: Landscapes and Ecologies of Urban and Planning History : Proceedings of the 12th Australasian Urban History Planning History Conference
    EditorsMorten Gjerde, Emina Petrovic
    Place of PublicationWellington
    PublisherVictoria University of Wellington NZ
    Pages421-432
    Number of pages12
    Volume1
    ISBN (Print)9780475124135
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    Event12th Australasian Urban History Planning History Conference - Wellington, New Zealand
    Duration: 2 Feb 20145 Feb 2014

    Conference

    Conference12th Australasian Urban History Planning History Conference
    CountryNew Zealand
    CityWellington
    Period2/02/145/02/14

    Fingerprint

    open space
    ecosystem service
    capital city
    urban growth
    consolidation
    sustainable development
    city
    urban landscape
    resource
    history
    planning
    policy
    urban structure

    Cite this

    MACKENZIE, A., & Williamson, G. (2014). Reconciling Urban Landscape Values. In M. Gjerde, & E. Petrovic (Eds.), UHPH_14: Landscapes and Ecologies of Urban and Planning History : Proceedings of the 12th Australasian Urban History Planning History Conference (Vol. 1, pp. 421-432). Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington NZ.
    MACKENZIE, Andrew ; Williamson, Gay. / Reconciling Urban Landscape Values. UHPH_14: Landscapes and Ecologies of Urban and Planning History : Proceedings of the 12th Australasian Urban History Planning History Conference. editor / Morten Gjerde ; Emina Petrovic. Vol. 1 Wellington : Victoria University of Wellington NZ, 2014. pp. 421-432
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    abstract = "Protecting the landscape values of urban open spaces in the face of significant change to the surrounding urban structure highlights a particular tension between two apparently conflicting goals for more sustainable development. On one hand the compact city agenda seeks to increase the density of cities and on the other, large tracts of urban open space, left undeveloped for its scenic quality, conservation or recreation values, provide innumerable ecosystem services. The apparent tension is that these landscapes can contribute to the dispersed urban structure. Despite the innumerable ecosystem services these landscapes offer, they contribute to the dispersed nature of the city and are costly and difficult to manage. This tension is further complicated when these urban landscapes are gazetted as part of a national significance narrative and remote from the municipal challenges of delivering a more sustainable urban form. For the capital cities of Australia and Canada, this has resulted in a complex set of policy issues that highlight the challenges of planning and managing urban landscapes. This paper explores the history of open space systems gazetted by national governments in Ottawa and Canberra, the respective capitals of Canada and Australia. It examines how these cities have approached their metropolitan planning strategies and comments on the way landscapes have been accommodated in future urban growth through strategic plans and policies. In doing so it identifies the challenges faced when urban open spaces, deemed to be locally or nationally significant, compete for increasingly scarce government resources and face increasing pressures from urban consolidation.",
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    MACKENZIE, A & Williamson, G 2014, Reconciling Urban Landscape Values. in M Gjerde & E Petrovic (eds), UHPH_14: Landscapes and Ecologies of Urban and Planning History : Proceedings of the 12th Australasian Urban History Planning History Conference. vol. 1, Victoria University of Wellington NZ, Wellington, pp. 421-432, 12th Australasian Urban History Planning History Conference, Wellington, New Zealand, 2/02/14.

    Reconciling Urban Landscape Values. / MACKENZIE, Andrew; Williamson, Gay.

    UHPH_14: Landscapes and Ecologies of Urban and Planning History : Proceedings of the 12th Australasian Urban History Planning History Conference. ed. / Morten Gjerde; Emina Petrovic. Vol. 1 Wellington : Victoria University of Wellington NZ, 2014. p. 421-432.

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

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    MACKENZIE A, Williamson G. Reconciling Urban Landscape Values. In Gjerde M, Petrovic E, editors, UHPH_14: Landscapes and Ecologies of Urban and Planning History : Proceedings of the 12th Australasian Urban History Planning History Conference. Vol. 1. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington NZ. 2014. p. 421-432