Recovery Dynamics of Multifocal Pupillographic Objective Perimetry from Tropicamide Dilation

Bhim Rai, Faran Sabeti, Corinne F. Carle, Emilie Rohan, Ozge Sarac, Joshua Van Kleef, Ted Maddess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To study the pupillary system by combining mydriasis and multifocal pupillographic objective perimetry (mfPOP). In particular, we explored how the dynamics of recovery differ for concurrently measured direct and consensual sensitivity, response delay, and signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) for binocular mydriasis. Methods: We recruited 26 normal participants, all with brown irides. The dichoptic mfPOP stimuli concurrently assessed 44-region/eye and both pupils. Two pre-dilation tests were followed by pairs of repeated tests at 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, and 48 h following dilation of both pupils with 1% tropicamide. Three subjects were retested with only the right pupil dilated. Linear models determined the independent effects of mydriasis upon the per-region and pupil measures over time. Results: Post-dilation, the per-region delays initially decreased by 16.3 ± 6.02 ms (mean ± SE) (p < 0.0001, cf. baseline of 471.1 ± 4.36 ms), then increased to slower than baseline by 17.42 ± 5.57 ms after 4 h (p < 0.002), recovering to baseline at 8 h. By comparison, per-region sensitivities (constriction amplitudes) were still reduced by − 6.20 ± 0.70 μm at 8 h (p < 0.0001, cf. baseline of 21.1 ± 0.55 μm), recovered at 24 h, but rebounded at 48 h (p = 0.005). The SNRs for sensitivities and delays both recovered by 8–12 h. Across all the data, sensitivities reduced by 2.67 ± 0.25 μm/decade of age, and delay increased by 15.4 ± 1.98 ms/decade (both p < 0.00001). Data from 3 of the 26 subjects who repeated the testing for monocular dilation found that consensual response sensitivities were larger than direct for 8 h (p < 0.018). Conclusions: The per-region sensitivities were affected for longer than SNRs or delays. Strong early SNRs indicated proportionately lower pupil noise for larger pupil diameters. Following mydriasis with tropicamide 1%, the constriction amplitude measurements with mfPOP should be considered only after 48 h, but time-to-peak can be measured after 8–12 h.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-200
Number of pages10
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume258
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Nov 2019

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Tropicamide
Visual Field Tests
Pupil
Mydriasis
Dilatation
Signal-To-Noise Ratio
Constriction
Iris
Noise
Linear Models

Cite this

Rai, Bhim ; Sabeti, Faran ; Carle, Corinne F. ; Rohan, Emilie ; Sarac, Ozge ; Van Kleef, Joshua ; Maddess, Ted. / Recovery Dynamics of Multifocal Pupillographic Objective Perimetry from Tropicamide Dilation. In: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology. 2019 ; Vol. 258, No. 1. pp. 191-200.
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title = "Recovery Dynamics of Multifocal Pupillographic Objective Perimetry from Tropicamide Dilation",
abstract = "Purpose: To study the pupillary system by combining mydriasis and multifocal pupillographic objective perimetry (mfPOP). In particular, we explored how the dynamics of recovery differ for concurrently measured direct and consensual sensitivity, response delay, and signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) for binocular mydriasis. Methods: We recruited 26 normal participants, all with brown irides. The dichoptic mfPOP stimuli concurrently assessed 44-region/eye and both pupils. Two pre-dilation tests were followed by pairs of repeated tests at 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, and 48 h following dilation of both pupils with 1{\%} tropicamide. Three subjects were retested with only the right pupil dilated. Linear models determined the independent effects of mydriasis upon the per-region and pupil measures over time. Results: Post-dilation, the per-region delays initially decreased by 16.3 ± 6.02 ms (mean ± SE) (p < 0.0001, cf. baseline of 471.1 ± 4.36 ms), then increased to slower than baseline by 17.42 ± 5.57 ms after 4 h (p < 0.002), recovering to baseline at 8 h. By comparison, per-region sensitivities (constriction amplitudes) were still reduced by − 6.20 ± 0.70 μm at 8 h (p < 0.0001, cf. baseline of 21.1 ± 0.55 μm), recovered at 24 h, but rebounded at 48 h (p = 0.005). The SNRs for sensitivities and delays both recovered by 8–12 h. Across all the data, sensitivities reduced by 2.67 ± 0.25 μm/decade of age, and delay increased by 15.4 ± 1.98 ms/decade (both p < 0.00001). Data from 3 of the 26 subjects who repeated the testing for monocular dilation found that consensual response sensitivities were larger than direct for 8 h (p < 0.018). Conclusions: The per-region sensitivities were affected for longer than SNRs or delays. Strong early SNRs indicated proportionately lower pupil noise for larger pupil diameters. Following mydriasis with tropicamide 1{\%}, the constriction amplitude measurements with mfPOP should be considered only after 48 h, but time-to-peak can be measured after 8–12 h.",
keywords = "Anisocoria, Multifocal, Objective perimetry, Pupillography, Rebound miosis, Tropicamide",
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Recovery Dynamics of Multifocal Pupillographic Objective Perimetry from Tropicamide Dilation. / Rai, Bhim; Sabeti, Faran; Carle, Corinne F.; Rohan, Emilie; Sarac, Ozge; Van Kleef, Joshua; Maddess, Ted.

In: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, Vol. 258, No. 1, 13.11.2019, p. 191-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Recovery Dynamics of Multifocal Pupillographic Objective Perimetry from Tropicamide Dilation

AU - Rai, Bhim

AU - Sabeti, Faran

AU - Carle, Corinne F.

AU - Rohan, Emilie

AU - Sarac, Ozge

AU - Van Kleef, Joshua

AU - Maddess, Ted

PY - 2019/11/13

Y1 - 2019/11/13

N2 - Purpose: To study the pupillary system by combining mydriasis and multifocal pupillographic objective perimetry (mfPOP). In particular, we explored how the dynamics of recovery differ for concurrently measured direct and consensual sensitivity, response delay, and signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) for binocular mydriasis. Methods: We recruited 26 normal participants, all with brown irides. The dichoptic mfPOP stimuli concurrently assessed 44-region/eye and both pupils. Two pre-dilation tests were followed by pairs of repeated tests at 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, and 48 h following dilation of both pupils with 1% tropicamide. Three subjects were retested with only the right pupil dilated. Linear models determined the independent effects of mydriasis upon the per-region and pupil measures over time. Results: Post-dilation, the per-region delays initially decreased by 16.3 ± 6.02 ms (mean ± SE) (p < 0.0001, cf. baseline of 471.1 ± 4.36 ms), then increased to slower than baseline by 17.42 ± 5.57 ms after 4 h (p < 0.002), recovering to baseline at 8 h. By comparison, per-region sensitivities (constriction amplitudes) were still reduced by − 6.20 ± 0.70 μm at 8 h (p < 0.0001, cf. baseline of 21.1 ± 0.55 μm), recovered at 24 h, but rebounded at 48 h (p = 0.005). The SNRs for sensitivities and delays both recovered by 8–12 h. Across all the data, sensitivities reduced by 2.67 ± 0.25 μm/decade of age, and delay increased by 15.4 ± 1.98 ms/decade (both p < 0.00001). Data from 3 of the 26 subjects who repeated the testing for monocular dilation found that consensual response sensitivities were larger than direct for 8 h (p < 0.018). Conclusions: The per-region sensitivities were affected for longer than SNRs or delays. Strong early SNRs indicated proportionately lower pupil noise for larger pupil diameters. Following mydriasis with tropicamide 1%, the constriction amplitude measurements with mfPOP should be considered only after 48 h, but time-to-peak can be measured after 8–12 h.

AB - Purpose: To study the pupillary system by combining mydriasis and multifocal pupillographic objective perimetry (mfPOP). In particular, we explored how the dynamics of recovery differ for concurrently measured direct and consensual sensitivity, response delay, and signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) for binocular mydriasis. Methods: We recruited 26 normal participants, all with brown irides. The dichoptic mfPOP stimuli concurrently assessed 44-region/eye and both pupils. Two pre-dilation tests were followed by pairs of repeated tests at 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, and 48 h following dilation of both pupils with 1% tropicamide. Three subjects were retested with only the right pupil dilated. Linear models determined the independent effects of mydriasis upon the per-region and pupil measures over time. Results: Post-dilation, the per-region delays initially decreased by 16.3 ± 6.02 ms (mean ± SE) (p < 0.0001, cf. baseline of 471.1 ± 4.36 ms), then increased to slower than baseline by 17.42 ± 5.57 ms after 4 h (p < 0.002), recovering to baseline at 8 h. By comparison, per-region sensitivities (constriction amplitudes) were still reduced by − 6.20 ± 0.70 μm at 8 h (p < 0.0001, cf. baseline of 21.1 ± 0.55 μm), recovered at 24 h, but rebounded at 48 h (p = 0.005). The SNRs for sensitivities and delays both recovered by 8–12 h. Across all the data, sensitivities reduced by 2.67 ± 0.25 μm/decade of age, and delay increased by 15.4 ± 1.98 ms/decade (both p < 0.00001). Data from 3 of the 26 subjects who repeated the testing for monocular dilation found that consensual response sensitivities were larger than direct for 8 h (p < 0.018). Conclusions: The per-region sensitivities were affected for longer than SNRs or delays. Strong early SNRs indicated proportionately lower pupil noise for larger pupil diameters. Following mydriasis with tropicamide 1%, the constriction amplitude measurements with mfPOP should be considered only after 48 h, but time-to-peak can be measured after 8–12 h.

KW - Anisocoria

KW - Multifocal

KW - Objective perimetry

KW - Pupillography

KW - Rebound miosis

KW - Tropicamide

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U2 - 10.1007/s00417-019-04523-8

DO - 10.1007/s00417-019-04523-8

M3 - Article

VL - 258

SP - 191

EP - 200

JO - Albrecht von Graefes Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie

JF - Albrecht von Graefes Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie

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