Reduced inorganic sulfur speciation in drain sediments from acid sulfate soil landscapes

Edward D. Burton, Richard T. Bush, Leigh A. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined processes regulating reduced inorganic sulfur (RIS) speciation in drain sediments from coastal acid sulfate soil (ASS) landscapes. Pore water sulfide was undetectable or present at low levels (0.6-18.8 μM), consistent with FeS(s) precipitation in the presence of high concentrations of Fe2+ (generally >2 mM). Acid-volatile sulfide (AVS), with concentrations up to 1019 μmol g-1, comprised a major proportion of RIS. The AVS to pyrite-S ratios were up to 2.6 in sediment profiles containing abundant reactive Fe (up to ∼4000 μmol g-1). Such high AVS:pyrite-S ratios are indicative of inefficient conversion of FeS (s) to pyrite. This may be due to low pore water sulfide levels causing slow rates of pyrite formation via the polysulfide and H2S oxidation pathways. Overall, RIS speciation in ASS-associated drain sediments is unique and is largely regulated by abundant reactive Fe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)888-893
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

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acid sulfate soil
Sulfides
Sulfur
Sulfates
drain
Pyrites
Sediments
sulfur
sulfide
pyrite
Soils
Acids
sediment
acid
porewater
Polysulfides
Water
oxidation
Oxidation

Cite this

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Reduced inorganic sulfur speciation in drain sediments from acid sulfate soil landscapes. / Burton, Edward D.; Bush, Richard T.; Sullivan, Leigh A.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 40, No. 3, 2006, p. 888-893.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Bush, Richard T.

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