Reduced motion and improved rectal dosimetry through endorectal immobilization for prostate stereotactic body radiotherapy

Jeremiah De Leon, Michael G. Jameson, David Rivest-Henault, Sarah Keats, Robba Rai, Sankar Arumugam, Lee Wilton, Diana Ngo, Gary Liney, Daniel Moses, Jason Dowling, Jarad Martin, Mark Sidhom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: PROMETHEUS (ACTRN12615000223538) is a multicentre clinical trial investigating the feasibility of 19 Gy in 2 fractions of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) as a boost technique for prostate cancer. The objective of this substudy was to evaluate intrafraction motion using cine MRI and assess the dosimetric impact of using a rectal displacement device (RDD). Methods: The initial 10 patients recruited underwent planning CT and MRI, with and without a RDD. Cine MRI images were captured using an interleaved T2 HASTE sequence in sagittal and axial planes with a temporal resolution of 5.2 s acquired over 4.3 min. Points of interest (POIs) were defined and a validated tracking algorithm measured displacement of these points over the 4.3 min in the anteroposterior, superior-inferior and left-right directions. Plans were generated with and without a RDD to examine the impact on dosimetry. Results: There was an overall trend for increasing displacement in all directions as time progressed when no RDD was in situ . pointsof interest remained comparatively stable with the RDD. In the sagittal plane, the RDD resulted in statistically significant improvement in the range of anteroposterior displacement for the rectal wall, anterior prostate, prostate apex and base. Dosimetrically, the use of a RDD significantly reduced rectal V16, V14 and Dmax, as well as the percentage of posterior rectal wall receiving 8.5 Gy. Conclusion: The RDD used in stereotactic prostate radiotherapy leads to reduced intrafraction motion of the prostate and rectum, with increasing improvement with time. It also results in significant improvement in rectal wall dosimetry. Advances in knowledge: It was found that the rectal displacement device improved prostate stabilization significantly, improved rectum stabilization and dosimetry significantly. The rectal displacement device did not improve target volume dosimetry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20190056
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Radiology
Issue number1098
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


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