Reducing the invasiveness of obtaining blood-borne measures in animals

Christian Cook, David Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To overcome the limitations associated with routine blood collection methods in welfare research, we are developing a new technique that combines low frequency ultrasound with a small electric current (electrosonophoresis). Portable instrumentation, positioned at the skin surface, delivers a brief burst of ultrasound and low electric field, creating a brief transdermal flux from underlying blood vessels into extracellular fluid and to the skin. The technique allows many analytes present in blood to be collected and measured at the skin surface. In humans, the method is without sensation and is innocuous. Actual blood removal is not required, and repeated measure over a short time period does not cause discomfort. In animals accustomed to human handling, no behavioural disturbance has been seen when using the instrumentation. Large cellular substances, such as red blood cells, cannot be collected by this method, but analytes, including hormones, sugars, free fatty acids, immunoglobulins and lactate, have been collected and measured with a high correlation (r2≥ 0.89) to blood levels over a wide physiological range of change. The low invasiveness of use, the removal of the need to extract actual blood fluid, and the low stressfulness of the technique, suggest that this may be a powerful tool for welfare studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-207
Number of pages5
JournalATLA Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
Volume32
Issue number1_suppl
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2004
Externally publishedYes

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Animals
Blood
Skin
Ultrasonics
Extracellular Fluid
Fluids
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Blood vessels
Electric currents
Blood Vessels
Immunoglobulins
Lactic Acid
Sugars
Erythrocytes
Hormones
Cells
Electric fields
Fluxes
Research

Cite this

Cook, Christian ; Thomas, David. / Reducing the invasiveness of obtaining blood-borne measures in animals. In: ATLA Alternatives to Laboratory Animals. 2004 ; Vol. 32, No. 1_suppl. pp. 203-207.
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Reducing the invasiveness of obtaining blood-borne measures in animals. / Cook, Christian; Thomas, David.

In: ATLA Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Vol. 32, No. 1_suppl, 12.07.2004, p. 203-207.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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