Regulations are needed to protect freshwater ecosystems from salinization

Matthew S. Schuler, Miguel Cañedo-Argüelles, William D. Hintz, Brenda Dyack, Sebastian Birk, Rick A. Relyea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anthropogenic activities such as mining, agriculture and industrial wastes have increased the rate of salinization of freshwater ecosystems around the world. Despite the known and probable consequences of freshwater salinization, few consequential regulatory standards and management procedures exist. Current regulations are generally inadequate because they are regionally inconsistent, lack legal consequences and have few ion-specific standards. The lack of ion-specific standards is problematic, because each anthropogenic source of freshwater salinization is associated with a distinct set of ions that can present unique social and economic costs. Additionally, the environmental and toxicological consequences of freshwater salinization are often dependent on the occurrence, concentration and ratios of specific ions. Therefore, to protect fresh waters from continued salinization, discrete, ion-specific management and regulatory strategies should be considered for each source of freshwater salinization, using data from standardized, ion-specific monitoring practices. To develop comprehensive monitoring, regulatory, and management guidelines, we recommend the use of co-adaptive, multi-stakeholder approaches that balance environmental, social, and economic costs and benefits associated with freshwater salinization. This article is part of the theme issue ‘Salt in freshwaters: causes, ecological consequences and future prospects’.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20180019
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume374
Issue number1764
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Fresh Water
Ecosystems
Ecosystem
Ions
ions
economic costs
Industrial Waste
Economics
Monitoring
industrial wastes
monitoring
Agriculture
freshwater ecosystems
Costs
stakeholders
Salts
anthropogenic activities
environmental impact
Toxicology
Cost-Benefit Analysis

Cite this

Schuler, M. S., Cañedo-Argüelles, M., Hintz, W. D., Dyack, B., Birk, S., & Relyea, R. A. (2019). Regulations are needed to protect freshwater ecosystems from salinization. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 374(1764), 1-9. [20180019]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2018.0019
Schuler, Matthew S. ; Cañedo-Argüelles, Miguel ; Hintz, William D. ; Dyack, Brenda ; Birk, Sebastian ; Relyea, Rick A. / Regulations are needed to protect freshwater ecosystems from salinization. In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 374, No. 1764. pp. 1-9.
@article{787b1863796d457eb94118ff5576d1e6,
title = "Regulations are needed to protect freshwater ecosystems from salinization",
abstract = "Anthropogenic activities such as mining, agriculture and industrial wastes have increased the rate of salinization of freshwater ecosystems around the world. Despite the known and probable consequences of freshwater salinization, few consequential regulatory standards and management procedures exist. Current regulations are generally inadequate because they are regionally inconsistent, lack legal consequences and have few ion-specific standards. The lack of ion-specific standards is problematic, because each anthropogenic source of freshwater salinization is associated with a distinct set of ions that can present unique social and economic costs. Additionally, the environmental and toxicological consequences of freshwater salinization are often dependent on the occurrence, concentration and ratios of specific ions. Therefore, to protect fresh waters from continued salinization, discrete, ion-specific management and regulatory strategies should be considered for each source of freshwater salinization, using data from standardized, ion-specific monitoring practices. To develop comprehensive monitoring, regulatory, and management guidelines, we recommend the use of co-adaptive, multi-stakeholder approaches that balance environmental, social, and economic costs and benefits associated with freshwater salinization. This article is part of the theme issue ‘Salt in freshwaters: causes, ecological consequences and future prospects’.",
keywords = "Ecosystem functions, Ecosystem services, Freshwater degradation, Global change, Human health",
author = "Schuler, {Matthew S.} and Miguel Ca{\~n}edo-Arg{\"u}elles and Hintz, {William D.} and Brenda Dyack and Sebastian Birk and Relyea, {Rick A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1098/rstb.2018.0019",
language = "English",
volume = "374",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences",
issn = "0962-8436",
publisher = "Royal Society of London",
number = "1764",

}

Schuler, MS, Cañedo-Argüelles, M, Hintz, WD, Dyack, B, Birk, S & Relyea, RA 2019, 'Regulations are needed to protect freshwater ecosystems from salinization', Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 374, no. 1764, 20180019, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2018.0019

Regulations are needed to protect freshwater ecosystems from salinization. / Schuler, Matthew S.; Cañedo-Argüelles, Miguel; Hintz, William D.; Dyack, Brenda; Birk, Sebastian; Relyea, Rick A.

In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 374, No. 1764, 20180019, 21.01.2019, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Regulations are needed to protect freshwater ecosystems from salinization

AU - Schuler, Matthew S.

AU - Cañedo-Argüelles, Miguel

AU - Hintz, William D.

AU - Dyack, Brenda

AU - Birk, Sebastian

AU - Relyea, Rick A.

PY - 2019/1/21

Y1 - 2019/1/21

N2 - Anthropogenic activities such as mining, agriculture and industrial wastes have increased the rate of salinization of freshwater ecosystems around the world. Despite the known and probable consequences of freshwater salinization, few consequential regulatory standards and management procedures exist. Current regulations are generally inadequate because they are regionally inconsistent, lack legal consequences and have few ion-specific standards. The lack of ion-specific standards is problematic, because each anthropogenic source of freshwater salinization is associated with a distinct set of ions that can present unique social and economic costs. Additionally, the environmental and toxicological consequences of freshwater salinization are often dependent on the occurrence, concentration and ratios of specific ions. Therefore, to protect fresh waters from continued salinization, discrete, ion-specific management and regulatory strategies should be considered for each source of freshwater salinization, using data from standardized, ion-specific monitoring practices. To develop comprehensive monitoring, regulatory, and management guidelines, we recommend the use of co-adaptive, multi-stakeholder approaches that balance environmental, social, and economic costs and benefits associated with freshwater salinization. This article is part of the theme issue ‘Salt in freshwaters: causes, ecological consequences and future prospects’.

AB - Anthropogenic activities such as mining, agriculture and industrial wastes have increased the rate of salinization of freshwater ecosystems around the world. Despite the known and probable consequences of freshwater salinization, few consequential regulatory standards and management procedures exist. Current regulations are generally inadequate because they are regionally inconsistent, lack legal consequences and have few ion-specific standards. The lack of ion-specific standards is problematic, because each anthropogenic source of freshwater salinization is associated with a distinct set of ions that can present unique social and economic costs. Additionally, the environmental and toxicological consequences of freshwater salinization are often dependent on the occurrence, concentration and ratios of specific ions. Therefore, to protect fresh waters from continued salinization, discrete, ion-specific management and regulatory strategies should be considered for each source of freshwater salinization, using data from standardized, ion-specific monitoring practices. To develop comprehensive monitoring, regulatory, and management guidelines, we recommend the use of co-adaptive, multi-stakeholder approaches that balance environmental, social, and economic costs and benefits associated with freshwater salinization. This article is part of the theme issue ‘Salt in freshwaters: causes, ecological consequences and future prospects’.

KW - Ecosystem functions

KW - Ecosystem services

KW - Freshwater degradation

KW - Global change

KW - Human health

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85058303263&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1098/rstb.2018.0019

DO - 10.1098/rstb.2018.0019

M3 - Article

VL - 374

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

JF - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8436

IS - 1764

M1 - 20180019

ER -