Reproductive biology of Australian acacias

Important mediator of invasiveness?

Michelle R. Gibson, David M. Richardson, Elizabete Marchante, Hélia Marchante, James G. Rodger, Graham N. Stone, Margaret Byrne, Andrés Fuentes-Ramírez, Nicholas George, Carla Harris, Steven D. Johnson, Johannes J Le Roux, Joseph T. Miller, Daniel J. Murphy, Anton Pauw, Matthew N. Prescott, Elizabeth M. Wandrag, John R.U. Wilson

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    100 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Aim Reproductive traits are important mediators of establishment and spread of introduced species, both directly and through interactions with other life-history traits and extrinsic factors. We identify features of the reproductive biology of Australian acacias associated with invasiveness. Location Global. Methods We reviewed the pollination biology, seed biology and alternative modes of reproduction of Australian acacias using primary literature, online searches and unpublished data. We used comparative analyses incorporating an Acacia phylogeny to test for associations between invasiveness and eight reproductive traits in a group of introduced and invasive (23) and non-invasive (129) species. We also explore the distribution of groups of trait 'syndromes' between invasive and non-invasive species. Results Reproductive trait data were only available for 126 of 152 introduced species in our data set, representing 23/23 invasive and 103/129 non-invasive species. These data suggest that invasives reach reproductive maturity earlier (10/13 within 2years vs. 7/26 for non-invasives) and are more commonly able to resprout (11/21 vs. 13/54), although only time to reproductive maturity was significant when phylogenetic relationships were controlled for. Our qualitative survey of the literature suggests that invasive species in general tend to have generalist pollination systems, prolific seed production, efficient seed dispersal and the accumulation of large and persistent seed banks that often have fire-, heat- or disturbance-triggered germination cues. Conclusions Invasive species respond quicker to disturbance than non-invasive taxa. Traits found to be significant in our study require more in-depth analysis involving data for a broader array of species given how little is known of the reproductive biology of so many taxa in this species-rich genus. Sets of reproductive traits characteristic of invasive species and a general ability to reproduce effectively in new locations are widespread in Australian acacias. Unless there is substantial evidence to the contrary, care should be taken with all introductions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)911-933
    Number of pages23
    JournalDiversity and Distributions
    Volume17
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

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    invasiveness
    reproductive traits
    reproductive biology
    invasive species
    Biological Sciences
    sexual maturity
    pollination
    introduced species
    seed crop production
    phylogeny
    Acacia
    disturbance
    buried seeds
    seed dispersal
    seed bank
    data analysis
    seed production
    life history trait
    generalist
    life history

    Cite this

    Gibson, M. R., Richardson, D. M., Marchante, E., Marchante, H., Rodger, J. G., Stone, G. N., ... Wilson, J. R. U. (2011). Reproductive biology of Australian acacias: Important mediator of invasiveness? Diversity and Distributions, 17(5), 911-933. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-4642.2011.00808.x
    Gibson, Michelle R. ; Richardson, David M. ; Marchante, Elizabete ; Marchante, Hélia ; Rodger, James G. ; Stone, Graham N. ; Byrne, Margaret ; Fuentes-Ramírez, Andrés ; George, Nicholas ; Harris, Carla ; Johnson, Steven D. ; Roux, Johannes J Le ; Miller, Joseph T. ; Murphy, Daniel J. ; Pauw, Anton ; Prescott, Matthew N. ; Wandrag, Elizabeth M. ; Wilson, John R.U. / Reproductive biology of Australian acacias : Important mediator of invasiveness?. In: Diversity and Distributions. 2011 ; Vol. 17, No. 5. pp. 911-933.
    @article{f12273b775ed4773ab2d0b62d6d50a5c,
    title = "Reproductive biology of Australian acacias: Important mediator of invasiveness?",
    abstract = "Aim Reproductive traits are important mediators of establishment and spread of introduced species, both directly and through interactions with other life-history traits and extrinsic factors. We identify features of the reproductive biology of Australian acacias associated with invasiveness. Location Global. Methods We reviewed the pollination biology, seed biology and alternative modes of reproduction of Australian acacias using primary literature, online searches and unpublished data. We used comparative analyses incorporating an Acacia phylogeny to test for associations between invasiveness and eight reproductive traits in a group of introduced and invasive (23) and non-invasive (129) species. We also explore the distribution of groups of trait 'syndromes' between invasive and non-invasive species. Results Reproductive trait data were only available for 126 of 152 introduced species in our data set, representing 23/23 invasive and 103/129 non-invasive species. These data suggest that invasives reach reproductive maturity earlier (10/13 within 2years vs. 7/26 for non-invasives) and are more commonly able to resprout (11/21 vs. 13/54), although only time to reproductive maturity was significant when phylogenetic relationships were controlled for. Our qualitative survey of the literature suggests that invasive species in general tend to have generalist pollination systems, prolific seed production, efficient seed dispersal and the accumulation of large and persistent seed banks that often have fire-, heat- or disturbance-triggered germination cues. Conclusions Invasive species respond quicker to disturbance than non-invasive taxa. Traits found to be significant in our study require more in-depth analysis involving data for a broader array of species given how little is known of the reproductive biology of so many taxa in this species-rich genus. Sets of reproductive traits characteristic of invasive species and a general ability to reproduce effectively in new locations are widespread in Australian acacias. Unless there is substantial evidence to the contrary, care should be taken with all introductions.",
    keywords = "Biological invasions, Breeding system, Invasive alien species, Pollination, Reproductive syndromes, Reproductive traits, Seed dispersal",
    author = "Gibson, {Michelle R.} and Richardson, {David M.} and Elizabete Marchante and H{\'e}lia Marchante and Rodger, {James G.} and Stone, {Graham N.} and Margaret Byrne and Andr{\'e}s Fuentes-Ram{\'i}rez and Nicholas George and Carla Harris and Johnson, {Steven D.} and Roux, {Johannes J Le} and Miller, {Joseph T.} and Murphy, {Daniel J.} and Anton Pauw and Prescott, {Matthew N.} and Wandrag, {Elizabeth M.} and Wilson, {John R.U.}",
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    Gibson, MR, Richardson, DM, Marchante, E, Marchante, H, Rodger, JG, Stone, GN, Byrne, M, Fuentes-Ramírez, A, George, N, Harris, C, Johnson, SD, Roux, JJL, Miller, JT, Murphy, DJ, Pauw, A, Prescott, MN, Wandrag, EM & Wilson, JRU 2011, 'Reproductive biology of Australian acacias: Important mediator of invasiveness?', Diversity and Distributions, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 911-933. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-4642.2011.00808.x

    Reproductive biology of Australian acacias : Important mediator of invasiveness? / Gibson, Michelle R.; Richardson, David M.; Marchante, Elizabete; Marchante, Hélia; Rodger, James G.; Stone, Graham N.; Byrne, Margaret; Fuentes-Ramírez, Andrés; George, Nicholas; Harris, Carla; Johnson, Steven D.; Roux, Johannes J Le; Miller, Joseph T.; Murphy, Daniel J.; Pauw, Anton; Prescott, Matthew N.; Wandrag, Elizabeth M.; Wilson, John R.U.

    In: Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 17, No. 5, 09.2011, p. 911-933.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Reproductive biology of Australian acacias

    T2 - Important mediator of invasiveness?

    AU - Gibson, Michelle R.

    AU - Richardson, David M.

    AU - Marchante, Elizabete

    AU - Marchante, Hélia

    AU - Rodger, James G.

    AU - Stone, Graham N.

    AU - Byrne, Margaret

    AU - Fuentes-Ramírez, Andrés

    AU - George, Nicholas

    AU - Harris, Carla

    AU - Johnson, Steven D.

    AU - Roux, Johannes J Le

    AU - Miller, Joseph T.

    AU - Murphy, Daniel J.

    AU - Pauw, Anton

    AU - Prescott, Matthew N.

    AU - Wandrag, Elizabeth M.

    AU - Wilson, John R.U.

    PY - 2011/9

    Y1 - 2011/9

    N2 - Aim Reproductive traits are important mediators of establishment and spread of introduced species, both directly and through interactions with other life-history traits and extrinsic factors. We identify features of the reproductive biology of Australian acacias associated with invasiveness. Location Global. Methods We reviewed the pollination biology, seed biology and alternative modes of reproduction of Australian acacias using primary literature, online searches and unpublished data. We used comparative analyses incorporating an Acacia phylogeny to test for associations between invasiveness and eight reproductive traits in a group of introduced and invasive (23) and non-invasive (129) species. We also explore the distribution of groups of trait 'syndromes' between invasive and non-invasive species. Results Reproductive trait data were only available for 126 of 152 introduced species in our data set, representing 23/23 invasive and 103/129 non-invasive species. These data suggest that invasives reach reproductive maturity earlier (10/13 within 2years vs. 7/26 for non-invasives) and are more commonly able to resprout (11/21 vs. 13/54), although only time to reproductive maturity was significant when phylogenetic relationships were controlled for. Our qualitative survey of the literature suggests that invasive species in general tend to have generalist pollination systems, prolific seed production, efficient seed dispersal and the accumulation of large and persistent seed banks that often have fire-, heat- or disturbance-triggered germination cues. Conclusions Invasive species respond quicker to disturbance than non-invasive taxa. Traits found to be significant in our study require more in-depth analysis involving data for a broader array of species given how little is known of the reproductive biology of so many taxa in this species-rich genus. Sets of reproductive traits characteristic of invasive species and a general ability to reproduce effectively in new locations are widespread in Australian acacias. Unless there is substantial evidence to the contrary, care should be taken with all introductions.

    AB - Aim Reproductive traits are important mediators of establishment and spread of introduced species, both directly and through interactions with other life-history traits and extrinsic factors. We identify features of the reproductive biology of Australian acacias associated with invasiveness. Location Global. Methods We reviewed the pollination biology, seed biology and alternative modes of reproduction of Australian acacias using primary literature, online searches and unpublished data. We used comparative analyses incorporating an Acacia phylogeny to test for associations between invasiveness and eight reproductive traits in a group of introduced and invasive (23) and non-invasive (129) species. We also explore the distribution of groups of trait 'syndromes' between invasive and non-invasive species. Results Reproductive trait data were only available for 126 of 152 introduced species in our data set, representing 23/23 invasive and 103/129 non-invasive species. These data suggest that invasives reach reproductive maturity earlier (10/13 within 2years vs. 7/26 for non-invasives) and are more commonly able to resprout (11/21 vs. 13/54), although only time to reproductive maturity was significant when phylogenetic relationships were controlled for. Our qualitative survey of the literature suggests that invasive species in general tend to have generalist pollination systems, prolific seed production, efficient seed dispersal and the accumulation of large and persistent seed banks that often have fire-, heat- or disturbance-triggered germination cues. Conclusions Invasive species respond quicker to disturbance than non-invasive taxa. Traits found to be significant in our study require more in-depth analysis involving data for a broader array of species given how little is known of the reproductive biology of so many taxa in this species-rich genus. Sets of reproductive traits characteristic of invasive species and a general ability to reproduce effectively in new locations are widespread in Australian acacias. Unless there is substantial evidence to the contrary, care should be taken with all introductions.

    KW - Biological invasions

    KW - Breeding system

    KW - Invasive alien species

    KW - Pollination

    KW - Reproductive syndromes

    KW - Reproductive traits

    KW - Seed dispersal

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79961159805&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2011.00808.x

    DO - 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2011.00808.x

    M3 - Review article

    VL - 17

    SP - 911

    EP - 933

    JO - Diversity and Distributions

    JF - Diversity and Distributions

    SN - 1366-9516

    IS - 5

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    Gibson MR, Richardson DM, Marchante E, Marchante H, Rodger JG, Stone GN et al. Reproductive biology of Australian acacias: Important mediator of invasiveness? Diversity and Distributions. 2011 Sep;17(5):911-933. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-4642.2011.00808.x