Respiratory virus modulation of host nucleocytoplasmic transport; Target for therapeutic intervention?

Leon Caly, Reena GHILDYAL, David Jans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The respiratory diseases caused by rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and influenza virus represent a large social and financial burden on healthcare worldwide. Although all three viruses have distinctly unique properties in terms of infection and replication, they share the ability to exploit/manipulate the host-cell nucleocytoplasmic transport system in order to replicate effectively and efficiently. This review outlines the various ways in which infection by these viruses impacts on the host nucleocytoplasmic transport system, and examples where inhibition thereof in turn decreases viral replication. The highly conserved nature of the nucleocytoplasmic transport system and the viral proteins that interact with it make this virus-host interface a prime candidate for the development of specific antiviral therapeutics in the future.
Original languageEnglish
Article number848
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume6
Issue numberAUG
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2015

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Cell Nucleus Active Transport
Viruses
Rhinovirus
Respiratory Syncytial Viruses
Viral Proteins
Virus Diseases
Orthomyxoviridae
Antiviral Agents
Therapeutics
Delivery of Health Care
Infection

Cite this

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Respiratory virus modulation of host nucleocytoplasmic transport; Target for therapeutic intervention? / Caly, Leon; GHILDYAL, Reena; Jans, David.

In: Frontiers in Microbiology, Vol. 6, No. AUG, 848, 14.08.2015, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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