Revegetation and the Significance of Timelags in Provision of Habitat Resources for Birds

Peter Vesk, Ralph MAC NALLY, Jim THOMSON, Gregory Horrocks

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In many approaches to landscape visualisation and reconstruction for biodiversity management, vegetation is represented as being either present or absent. Revegetation is assumed to be possible, and new vegetation appears ‘immediately’ in a mature state, which is likely to drastically overestimate habitat suitability in the short-term. We constructed a simple temporal model of resource provision from revegetated agricultural land to estimate habitat suitability indices for woodland birds in south-eastern Australia. We used this model to illustrate the trajectory of change in biodiversity benefits of revegetation. As vegetation matures, its suitability for a given species changes, so a time-integrated assessment of habitat value is needed. Spatial allocation strategies, such as offsets, that may provide high value habitat in the long-term but imply shorter term population bottlenecks from a paucity of key resources (e.g. tree hollows) must be avoided. Given that vegetation may not meet both foraging and breeding requirements of a given species, populations may be limited continuously — by foraging constraints at some times, and by breeding constraints at other times. Animal species differ in their resource requirements so that optimisation involves compromises among species. Temporal processes associated with revegetation and differences in resource requirements of species complicate landscape reconstruction. Nevertheless, our analyses suggest that the time-course of vegetation development must be incorporated in models for optimising landscape reconstruction and for calculating revegetation offsets.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLandscape Analysis and Visualisation: Spatial Models for Natural Resource Management and Planning
EditorsC Pettit, W Cartwright, I Bishop, K Lowell, D Pullar, D Duncan
Place of PublicationGermany
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages183-209
Number of pages27
ISBN (Print)9783540691679
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

land restoration
vegetation
birds
habitats
foraging
biodiversity
tree cavities
biological assessment
breeding
trajectories
woodlands
agricultural land
animals

Cite this

Vesk, P., MAC NALLY, R., THOMSON, J., & Horrocks, G. (2008). Revegetation and the Significance of Timelags in Provision of Habitat Resources for Birds. In C. Pettit, W. Cartwright, I. Bishop, K. Lowell, D. Pullar, & D. Duncan (Eds.), Landscape Analysis and Visualisation: Spatial Models for Natural Resource Management and Planning (pp. 183-209). Germany: Springer Verlag.
Vesk, Peter ; MAC NALLY, Ralph ; THOMSON, Jim ; Horrocks, Gregory. / Revegetation and the Significance of Timelags in Provision of Habitat Resources for Birds. Landscape Analysis and Visualisation: Spatial Models for Natural Resource Management and Planning. editor / C Pettit ; W Cartwright ; I Bishop ; K Lowell ; D Pullar ; D Duncan. Germany : Springer Verlag, 2008. pp. 183-209
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abstract = "In many approaches to landscape visualisation and reconstruction for biodiversity management, vegetation is represented as being either present or absent. Revegetation is assumed to be possible, and new vegetation appears ‘immediately’ in a mature state, which is likely to drastically overestimate habitat suitability in the short-term. We constructed a simple temporal model of resource provision from revegetated agricultural land to estimate habitat suitability indices for woodland birds in south-eastern Australia. We used this model to illustrate the trajectory of change in biodiversity benefits of revegetation. As vegetation matures, its suitability for a given species changes, so a time-integrated assessment of habitat value is needed. Spatial allocation strategies, such as offsets, that may provide high value habitat in the long-term but imply shorter term population bottlenecks from a paucity of key resources (e.g. tree hollows) must be avoided. Given that vegetation may not meet both foraging and breeding requirements of a given species, populations may be limited continuously — by foraging constraints at some times, and by breeding constraints at other times. Animal species differ in their resource requirements so that optimisation involves compromises among species. Temporal processes associated with revegetation and differences in resource requirements of species complicate landscape reconstruction. Nevertheless, our analyses suggest that the time-course of vegetation development must be incorporated in models for optimising landscape reconstruction and for calculating revegetation offsets.",
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Vesk, P, MAC NALLY, R, THOMSON, J & Horrocks, G 2008, Revegetation and the Significance of Timelags in Provision of Habitat Resources for Birds. in C Pettit, W Cartwright, I Bishop, K Lowell, D Pullar & D Duncan (eds), Landscape Analysis and Visualisation: Spatial Models for Natural Resource Management and Planning. Springer Verlag, Germany, pp. 183-209.

Revegetation and the Significance of Timelags in Provision of Habitat Resources for Birds. / Vesk, Peter; MAC NALLY, Ralph; THOMSON, Jim; Horrocks, Gregory.

Landscape Analysis and Visualisation: Spatial Models for Natural Resource Management and Planning. ed. / C Pettit; W Cartwright; I Bishop; K Lowell; D Pullar; D Duncan. Germany : Springer Verlag, 2008. p. 183-209.

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

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Vesk P, MAC NALLY R, THOMSON J, Horrocks G. Revegetation and the Significance of Timelags in Provision of Habitat Resources for Birds. In Pettit C, Cartwright W, Bishop I, Lowell K, Pullar D, Duncan D, editors, Landscape Analysis and Visualisation: Spatial Models for Natural Resource Management and Planning. Germany: Springer Verlag. 2008. p. 183-209