Rheological characterisation of biologically treated and non-treated putrescible food waste

Saeid Baroutian, M. T. Munir, Jiyang Sun, Nicky Eshtiaghi, Brent R. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Food waste is gaining increasing attention worldwide due to growing concerns over its environmental and economic costs. Understanding the rheological behaviour of food waste is critical for effective processing so rheological measurements were carried out for different food waste compositions at 25, 35 and 45 °C. Food waste samples of various origins (carbohydrates, vegetables & fruits, and meat), anaerobically digested and diluted samples were used in this study. The results showed that food waste exhibits shear-thinning flow behaviour and viscosity of food waste is a function of temperature and composition. The composition of food waste affected the flow properties. Viscosity decreased at a given temperature as the proportion of carbohydrate increased. This may be due to the high water content of vegetable & fruits as the total solids fraction is likely to be a key controlling factor of the rheology. The Herschel–Bulkley model was used successfully to model food waste flow behaviour. Also, a higher strain was needed to break down the structure of the food waste as digestion time increased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)494-501
Number of pages8
JournalWaste Management
Volume71
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

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