Rhodium(II)-catalyzed inter- and intramolecular cyclopropanations with diazo compounds and phenyliodonium ylides

Synthesis and chiral analysis

Ashraf Ghanem, Fabienne Lacrampe, Volker Schurig

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Different classes of cyclopropanes derived from Meldrum's acid (=2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione; 4), dimethyl malonate (5), 2-diazo-3-(silyloxy)but-3-enoate 16, 2-diazo-3,3,3-trifluoropropanoate 18, diazo(triethylsilyl)acetate 24a, and diazo(dimethylphenylsilyl)acetate 24b were prepared via dirhodium(II)-catalyzed intermolecular cyclopropanation of a set of olefins 3 (Schemes 1 and 4-6). The reactions proceeded with either diazo-free phenyliodonium ylides or diazo compounds affording the desired cyclopropane derivatives in either racemic or enantiomer-enriched forms. The intramolecular cyclopropanation, of allyl diazo(triethylsilyl)acetates 28, 30, and 33 were carried out in the presence of the chiral dirhodium(II) catalyst [Rh 2{(S)-nttl)4}] (9) in toluene to afford the corresponding cyclopropane derivatives 29, 31 and 34 with up to 37% ee (Scheme 7). An efficient enantioselective chiral separation method based on enantioselective GC and HPLC was developed. The method provides information about the chemical yields of the cyclopropane derivatives, enantioselectivity, substrate specifity, and catalytic activity of the chiral catalysts used in the inter- and intramolecular cyclopropanation reactions and avoids time-consuming workup procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-239
Number of pages24
JournalHelvetica Chimica Acta
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes


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