Ripk1 is cleaved by 3c protease of rhinovirus a and b strains and minor and major groups

Sarah N. Croft, Erin J. Walker, Reena Ghildyal

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Rhinoviruses (RV), like many other viruses, modulate programmed cell death to their own advantage. The viral protease, 3C has an integral role in the modulation, and we have shown that RVA‐16 3C protease cleaves Receptor‐interacting protein kinase‐1 (RIPK1), a key host factor that modulates various cell death and cell survival pathways. In the current study, we have investigated whether this cleavage is conserved across selected RV strains. RIPK1 was cleaved in cells infected with strains representing diversity across phylogenetic groups (A and B) and receptor usage (major and minor groups). The cleavage was abrogated in the presence of the specific 3C protease inhibitor, Rupintrivir. Interestingly, there appears to be involvement of another protease (maybe 2A protease) in RIPK1 cleavage in strains belonging to genotype B. Our data show that 3C protease from diverse RV strains cleaves RIPK1, highlighting the importance of the cleavage to the RV lifecycle.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2402
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


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