The Audit of Disability Research in Australia (hereafter the Audit) identified research about people with disabilities, including psychosocial disability, and their families and carers living in Australia. The Audit covered both scientific and grey literature published in Australia between the years 2000–2013. Because the National Disability Research and Development Agenda (Disability Policy and Research Working Group, 2011) identified four cohorts that experience particular disadvantage, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, women with disabilities, those from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds and those living in rural and remote Australia, the Audit included a search based on geography. This paper reports on studies identified in the Audit that address disability and mental illness in the rural and remote context. In the literature unclear and overlapping definitions of mental illness and psychosocial disability were considerable challenges for the reviewers and these difficulties may potentially impact on how psychosocial disability is conceptualised. Of particular concern is the scant research that reflects the experiences of, and issues faced by, people living with disability and mental illness in rural and remote Australia. © 2015, Taylor Francis.