Russia's Hybrid Warfare in the East: The Integral Nature of the Information Sphere

Sascha Bachmann, Håkan Gunneriusson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Russia has been one of the most prolific users of cyber capabilities. In 2007, Russia attempted to disrupt Estonia's Internet infrastructure as retribution for the country's removal of a WWII Soviet War Memorial from the center of Tallinn. Russia also augmented its conventional military campaign in Georgia with cyber capabilities, which severely hampered the functioning of government and business Web sites. In the present conflict in Eastern Ukraine, Russia has effectively used the information sphere as an integral tool in its Hybrid War against the people of Ukraine. Bachmann and Gunneriusson discuss Russia's use of disinformation in the information sphere. They also tackle the country's military and cyber warfare.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-211
Number of pages14
JournalGeorgetown Journal of International Affairs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

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