Sample pre-treatment and the determination of some chemical properties of acid sulfate soil materials

Crystal A. Maher, Leigh A. Sullivan, Nicholas J. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study provides a systematic analysis of the effect of common acid sulfate soil (ASS) sample pre-treatments (namely freezing, oven drying, and grinding) on chromium-reducible sulfur (SCR) and water-soluble sulfate determinations. The results show that oven drying and hand grinding of the samples prior to analysis resulted in a decrease in SCR (i.e. up to 20% compared to those of frozen samples). This lower SCR value was partly due to the oxidation of sulfides in the oven. For oven-dried ASS materials, more intensive grinding in a ring mill increased SCR values, most likely by abrading coatings from pyrite grains. For oven-dried mineral ASS materials the highest SCR values were obtained with 1 min of ring mill grinding, but for soils with appreciable organic matter (such as peat), 5 min of ring mill grinding gave the highest values. The results indicate that for some ASS materials, oven drying, regardless of the ensuing grinding procedure, results in underestimated SCR values. This study also demonstrates that an artifact of oven drying ASS materials can be greatly increased water-soluble sulfate contents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-670
Number of pages4
JournalAustralian Journal of Soil Research
Volume42
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

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acid sulfate soils
acid sulfate soil
ovens
grinding
chemical property
physicochemical properties
pretreatment
drying
mill
sampling
sulfates
sulfate
material
oven
sulfides
chromium
coatings
peat
freezing
artifact

Cite this

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abstract = "This study provides a systematic analysis of the effect of common acid sulfate soil (ASS) sample pre-treatments (namely freezing, oven drying, and grinding) on chromium-reducible sulfur (SCR) and water-soluble sulfate determinations. The results show that oven drying and hand grinding of the samples prior to analysis resulted in a decrease in SCR (i.e. up to 20{\%} compared to those of frozen samples). This lower SCR value was partly due to the oxidation of sulfides in the oven. For oven-dried ASS materials, more intensive grinding in a ring mill increased SCR values, most likely by abrading coatings from pyrite grains. For oven-dried mineral ASS materials the highest SCR values were obtained with 1 min of ring mill grinding, but for soils with appreciable organic matter (such as peat), 5 min of ring mill grinding gave the highest values. The results indicate that for some ASS materials, oven drying, regardless of the ensuing grinding procedure, results in underestimated SCR values. This study also demonstrates that an artifact of oven drying ASS materials can be greatly increased water-soluble sulfate contents.",
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Sample pre-treatment and the determination of some chemical properties of acid sulfate soil materials. / Maher, Crystal A.; Sullivan, Leigh A.; Ward, Nicholas J.

In: Australian Journal of Soil Research, Vol. 42, No. 5-6, 2004, p. 667-670.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Ward, Nicholas J.

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