Saving freshwater from salts : Ion-specific standards are needed to protect biodiversity

Miguel Canedo-Arguelles, Charles Hawkins, Ben KEFFORD, R Schäfer, Brenda DYACK, Sandra Brucet, David B Buchwalter, Jason Dunlop, Oliver Fror, James M. Lazorchak, Eckhard Coring, H. R. Fernandez, W Goodfellow, Ana Lucia Gonzalez Achem, Steve Hatfield-Dodds, Bakhtiyor K Karimov, P Mensah, J.R Olson, Christophe Piscart, Narcís Prat & 3 others S Ponsa, Claus-Jürgen Schulz, Anthony J Timpano

    Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

    90 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Many human activities—like agriculture and resource extraction—are increasing the total concentration of dissolved inorganic salts (i.e., salinity) in freshwaters. Increasing salinity can have adverse effects on human health (1); increase the costs of water treatment for human consumption; and damage infrastructure [e.g., amounting to $700 million per year in the Border Rivers catchment, Australia (2)]. It can also reduce freshwater biodiversity (3); alter ecosystem functions (4); and affect economic well-being by altering ecosystem goods and services (e.g., fisheries collapse). Yet water-quality legislation and regulations that target salinity typically focus on drinking water and irrigation water, which does not automatically protect biodiversity. For example, specific electrical conductivities (a proxy for salinity) of 2 mS/cm can be acceptable for drinking and irrigation but could extirpate many freshwater insect species (3). We argue that salinity standards for specific ions and ion mixtures, not just for total salinity, should be developed and legally enforced to protect freshwater life and ecosystem services. We identify barriers to setting such standards and recommend management guidelines
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)914-916
    Number of pages3
    JournalScience
    Volume351
    Issue number6276
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Fingerprint

    biodiversity
    salt
    salinity
    ion
    irrigation
    inorganic salt
    drinking
    ecosystem function
    ecosystem service
    electrical conductivity
    water treatment
    legislation
    drinking water
    fishery
    infrastructure
    catchment
    insect
    agriculture
    water quality
    damage

    Cite this

    Canedo-Arguelles, M., Hawkins, C., KEFFORD, B., Schäfer, R., DYACK, B., Brucet, S., ... Timpano, A. J. (2016). Saving freshwater from salts : Ion-specific standards are needed to protect biodiversity. Science, 351(6276), 914-916. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aad3488
    Canedo-Arguelles, Miguel ; Hawkins, Charles ; KEFFORD, Ben ; Schäfer, R ; DYACK, Brenda ; Brucet, Sandra ; Buchwalter, David B ; Dunlop, Jason ; Fror, Oliver ; Lazorchak, James M. ; Coring, Eckhard ; Fernandez, H. R. ; Goodfellow, W ; Achem, Ana Lucia Gonzalez ; Hatfield-Dodds, Steve ; Karimov, Bakhtiyor K ; Mensah, P ; Olson, J.R ; Piscart, Christophe ; Prat, Narcís ; Ponsa, S ; Schulz, Claus-Jürgen ; Timpano, Anthony J. / Saving freshwater from salts : Ion-specific standards are needed to protect biodiversity. In: Science. 2016 ; Vol. 351, No. 6276. pp. 914-916.
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    title = "Saving freshwater from salts : Ion-specific standards are needed to protect biodiversity",
    abstract = "Many human activities—like agriculture and resource extraction—are increasing the total concentration of dissolved inorganic salts (i.e., salinity) in freshwaters. Increasing salinity can have adverse effects on human health (1); increase the costs of water treatment for human consumption; and damage infrastructure [e.g., amounting to $700 million per year in the Border Rivers catchment, Australia (2)]. It can also reduce freshwater biodiversity (3); alter ecosystem functions (4); and affect economic well-being by altering ecosystem goods and services (e.g., fisheries collapse). Yet water-quality legislation and regulations that target salinity typically focus on drinking water and irrigation water, which does not automatically protect biodiversity. For example, specific electrical conductivities (a proxy for salinity) of 2 mS/cm can be acceptable for drinking and irrigation but could extirpate many freshwater insect species (3). We argue that salinity standards for specific ions and ion mixtures, not just for total salinity, should be developed and legally enforced to protect freshwater life and ecosystem services. We identify barriers to setting such standards and recommend management guidelines",
    author = "Miguel Canedo-Arguelles and Charles Hawkins and Ben KEFFORD and R Sch{\"a}fer and Brenda DYACK and Sandra Brucet and Buchwalter, {David B} and Jason Dunlop and Oliver Fror and Lazorchak, {James M.} and Eckhard Coring and Fernandez, {H. R.} and W Goodfellow and Achem, {Ana Lucia Gonzalez} and Steve Hatfield-Dodds and Karimov, {Bakhtiyor K} and P Mensah and J.R Olson and Christophe Piscart and Narc{\'i}s Prat and S Ponsa and Claus-J{\"u}rgen Schulz and Timpano, {Anthony J}",
    year = "2016",
    doi = "10.1126/science.aad3488",
    language = "English",
    volume = "351",
    pages = "914--916",
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    Canedo-Arguelles, M, Hawkins, C, KEFFORD, B, Schäfer, R, DYACK, B, Brucet, S, Buchwalter, DB, Dunlop, J, Fror, O, Lazorchak, JM, Coring, E, Fernandez, HR, Goodfellow, W, Achem, ALG, Hatfield-Dodds, S, Karimov, BK, Mensah, P, Olson, JR, Piscart, C, Prat, N, Ponsa, S, Schulz, C-J & Timpano, AJ 2016, 'Saving freshwater from salts : Ion-specific standards are needed to protect biodiversity', Science, vol. 351, no. 6276, pp. 914-916. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aad3488

    Saving freshwater from salts : Ion-specific standards are needed to protect biodiversity. / Canedo-Arguelles, Miguel; Hawkins, Charles; KEFFORD, Ben; Schäfer, R; DYACK, Brenda; Brucet, Sandra; Buchwalter, David B; Dunlop, Jason; Fror, Oliver; Lazorchak, James M.; Coring, Eckhard; Fernandez, H. R.; Goodfellow, W; Achem, Ana Lucia Gonzalez; Hatfield-Dodds, Steve; Karimov, Bakhtiyor K; Mensah, P; Olson, J.R; Piscart, Christophe; Prat, Narcís; Ponsa, S; Schulz, Claus-Jürgen; Timpano, Anthony J.

    In: Science, Vol. 351, No. 6276, 2016, p. 914-916.

    Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Saving freshwater from salts : Ion-specific standards are needed to protect biodiversity

    AU - Canedo-Arguelles, Miguel

    AU - Hawkins, Charles

    AU - KEFFORD, Ben

    AU - Schäfer, R

    AU - DYACK, Brenda

    AU - Brucet, Sandra

    AU - Buchwalter, David B

    AU - Dunlop, Jason

    AU - Fror, Oliver

    AU - Lazorchak, James M.

    AU - Coring, Eckhard

    AU - Fernandez, H. R.

    AU - Goodfellow, W

    AU - Achem, Ana Lucia Gonzalez

    AU - Hatfield-Dodds, Steve

    AU - Karimov, Bakhtiyor K

    AU - Mensah, P

    AU - Olson, J.R

    AU - Piscart, Christophe

    AU - Prat, Narcís

    AU - Ponsa, S

    AU - Schulz, Claus-Jürgen

    AU - Timpano, Anthony J

    PY - 2016

    Y1 - 2016

    N2 - Many human activities—like agriculture and resource extraction—are increasing the total concentration of dissolved inorganic salts (i.e., salinity) in freshwaters. Increasing salinity can have adverse effects on human health (1); increase the costs of water treatment for human consumption; and damage infrastructure [e.g., amounting to $700 million per year in the Border Rivers catchment, Australia (2)]. It can also reduce freshwater biodiversity (3); alter ecosystem functions (4); and affect economic well-being by altering ecosystem goods and services (e.g., fisheries collapse). Yet water-quality legislation and regulations that target salinity typically focus on drinking water and irrigation water, which does not automatically protect biodiversity. For example, specific electrical conductivities (a proxy for salinity) of 2 mS/cm can be acceptable for drinking and irrigation but could extirpate many freshwater insect species (3). We argue that salinity standards for specific ions and ion mixtures, not just for total salinity, should be developed and legally enforced to protect freshwater life and ecosystem services. We identify barriers to setting such standards and recommend management guidelines

    AB - Many human activities—like agriculture and resource extraction—are increasing the total concentration of dissolved inorganic salts (i.e., salinity) in freshwaters. Increasing salinity can have adverse effects on human health (1); increase the costs of water treatment for human consumption; and damage infrastructure [e.g., amounting to $700 million per year in the Border Rivers catchment, Australia (2)]. It can also reduce freshwater biodiversity (3); alter ecosystem functions (4); and affect economic well-being by altering ecosystem goods and services (e.g., fisheries collapse). Yet water-quality legislation and regulations that target salinity typically focus on drinking water and irrigation water, which does not automatically protect biodiversity. For example, specific electrical conductivities (a proxy for salinity) of 2 mS/cm can be acceptable for drinking and irrigation but could extirpate many freshwater insect species (3). We argue that salinity standards for specific ions and ion mixtures, not just for total salinity, should be developed and legally enforced to protect freshwater life and ecosystem services. We identify barriers to setting such standards and recommend management guidelines

    U2 - 10.1126/science.aad3488

    DO - 10.1126/science.aad3488

    M3 - Editorial

    VL - 351

    SP - 914

    EP - 916

    JO - The Scientific monthly

    JF - The Scientific monthly

    SN - 0036-8075

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    ER -