Saving freshwater from salts: Ion-specific standards are needed to protect biodiversity

Miguel Canedo-Arguelles, Charles Hawkins, Ben KEFFORD, R Schäfer, Brenda DYACK, Sandra Brucet, David B Buchwalter, Jason Dunlop, Oliver Fror, James M. Lazorchak, Eckhard Coring, H. R. Fernandez, W Goodfellow, Ana Lucia Gonzalez Achem, Steve Hatfield-Dodds, Bakhtiyor K Karimov, P Mensah, J.R Olson, Christophe Piscart, Narcís PratS Ponsa, Claus-Jürgen Schulz, Anthony J Timpano

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    113 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Many human activities—like agriculture and resource extraction—are increasing the total concentration of dissolved inorganic salts (i.e., salinity) in freshwaters. Increasing salinity can have adverse effects on human health (1); increase the costs of water treatment for human consumption; and damage infrastructure [e.g., amounting to $700 million per year in the Border Rivers catchment, Australia (2)]. It can also reduce freshwater biodiversity (3); alter ecosystem functions (4); and affect economic well-being by altering ecosystem goods and services (e.g., fisheries collapse). Yet water-quality legislation and regulations that target salinity typically focus on drinking water and irrigation water, which does not automatically protect biodiversity. For example, specific electrical conductivities (a proxy for salinity) of 2 mS/cm can be acceptable for drinking and irrigation but could extirpate many freshwater insect species (3). We argue that salinity standards for specific ions and ion mixtures, not just for total salinity, should be developed and legally enforced to protect freshwater life and ecosystem services. We identify barriers to setting such standards and recommend management guidelines
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)914-916
    Number of pages3
    JournalScience
    Volume351
    Issue number6276
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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  • Cite this

    Canedo-Arguelles, M., Hawkins, C., KEFFORD, B., Schäfer, R., DYACK, B., Brucet, S., Buchwalter, D. B., Dunlop, J., Fror, O., Lazorchak, J. M., Coring, E., Fernandez, H. R., Goodfellow, W., Achem, A. L. G., Hatfield-Dodds, S., Karimov, B. K., Mensah, P., Olson, J. R., Piscart, C., ... Timpano, A. J. (2016). Saving freshwater from salts: Ion-specific standards are needed to protect biodiversity. Science, 351(6276), 914-916. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aad3488