Secular State, Citizenship and the Matrix of Globalized Religious Identity

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There seems to be a general consensus that Islamic/Muslim values are incompatible with secular/western values. Before delving into further details, this paper would revisit the developments and characteristics associated with secularism and secular state. The concept of secular state emanated from the idea of secularism and secularisation of society and state, following the revolutionary developments particularly in Europe and North American. The multiplicity attached to these concepts has given them different meanings and understandings; having negative and positive connotations; exposing the diversity and complexity of these ideas.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-175
Number of pages20
JournalIAHS Proceedings and Reports
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes


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