Shoulder proprioception is not related to throwing speed or accuracy in elite adolescent male baseball players

Jonathan Freeston, Roger D. Adams, Kieron Rooney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding factors that influence throwing speed and accuracy is critical to performance in baseball. Shoulder proprioception has been implicated in the injury risk of throwing athletes, but no such link has been established with performance outcomes. The purpose of this study was to describe any relationship between shoulder proprioception acuity and throwing speed or accuracy. Twenty healthy elite adolescent male baseball players (age, 19.6 ± 2.6 years), who had represented the state of New South Wales in the past 18 months, were assessed for bilateral active shoulder proprioception (shoulder rotation in 908 of arm abduction moving toward external rotation using the active movement extent discrimination apparatus), maximal throwing speed (MTS, meters per second measured via a radar gun), and accuracy (total error in centimeters determined by video analysis) at 80 and 100% of MTS. Although proprioception in the dominant and nondominant arms was significantly correlated with each other (r = 0.54, p ≥ 0.01), no relationship was found between shoulder proprioception and performance. Shoulder proprioception was not a significant determinant of throwing performance such that high levels of speed and accuracy were achieved without a high degree of proprioception. There is no evidence to suggest therefore that this particular method of shoulder proprioception measurement should be implemented in clinical practice. Consequently, clinicians are encouraged to consider proprioception throughout the entire kinetic chain rather than the shoulder joint in isolation as a determining factor of performance in throwing athletes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-187
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Baseball
Proprioception
Athletes
Arm
Radar
Shoulder Joint
New South Wales
Firearms

Cite this

@article{ed68740b862f4d2fb8d3e58cd306b183,
title = "Shoulder proprioception is not related to throwing speed or accuracy in elite adolescent male baseball players",
abstract = "Understanding factors that influence throwing speed and accuracy is critical to performance in baseball. Shoulder proprioception has been implicated in the injury risk of throwing athletes, but no such link has been established with performance outcomes. The purpose of this study was to describe any relationship between shoulder proprioception acuity and throwing speed or accuracy. Twenty healthy elite adolescent male baseball players (age, 19.6 ± 2.6 years), who had represented the state of New South Wales in the past 18 months, were assessed for bilateral active shoulder proprioception (shoulder rotation in 908 of arm abduction moving toward external rotation using the active movement extent discrimination apparatus), maximal throwing speed (MTS, meters per second measured via a radar gun), and accuracy (total error in centimeters determined by video analysis) at 80 and 100{\%} of MTS. Although proprioception in the dominant and nondominant arms was significantly correlated with each other (r = 0.54, p ≥ 0.01), no relationship was found between shoulder proprioception and performance. Shoulder proprioception was not a significant determinant of throwing performance such that high levels of speed and accuracy were achieved without a high degree of proprioception. There is no evidence to suggest therefore that this particular method of shoulder proprioception measurement should be implemented in clinical practice. Consequently, clinicians are encouraged to consider proprioception throughout the entire kinetic chain rather than the shoulder joint in isolation as a determining factor of performance in throwing athletes.",
keywords = "Kinesthetic sense, Pitching, Position sense, Cross-Sectional Studies, Humans, Male, Rotation, Young Adult, Shoulder Joint/physiology, Adolescent, Range of Motion, Articular, Proprioception/physiology, Baseball/physiology",
author = "Jonathan Freeston and Adams, {Roger D.} and Kieron Rooney",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1519/JSC.0000000000000507",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "181--187",
journal = "Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research",
issn = "1064-8011",
publisher = "NSCA National Strength and Conditioning Association",
number = "1",

}

Shoulder proprioception is not related to throwing speed or accuracy in elite adolescent male baseball players. / Freeston, Jonathan; Adams, Roger D.; Rooney, Kieron.

In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol. 29, No. 1, 01.2015, p. 181-187.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Shoulder proprioception is not related to throwing speed or accuracy in elite adolescent male baseball players

AU - Freeston, Jonathan

AU - Adams, Roger D.

AU - Rooney, Kieron

PY - 2015/1

Y1 - 2015/1

N2 - Understanding factors that influence throwing speed and accuracy is critical to performance in baseball. Shoulder proprioception has been implicated in the injury risk of throwing athletes, but no such link has been established with performance outcomes. The purpose of this study was to describe any relationship between shoulder proprioception acuity and throwing speed or accuracy. Twenty healthy elite adolescent male baseball players (age, 19.6 ± 2.6 years), who had represented the state of New South Wales in the past 18 months, were assessed for bilateral active shoulder proprioception (shoulder rotation in 908 of arm abduction moving toward external rotation using the active movement extent discrimination apparatus), maximal throwing speed (MTS, meters per second measured via a radar gun), and accuracy (total error in centimeters determined by video analysis) at 80 and 100% of MTS. Although proprioception in the dominant and nondominant arms was significantly correlated with each other (r = 0.54, p ≥ 0.01), no relationship was found between shoulder proprioception and performance. Shoulder proprioception was not a significant determinant of throwing performance such that high levels of speed and accuracy were achieved without a high degree of proprioception. There is no evidence to suggest therefore that this particular method of shoulder proprioception measurement should be implemented in clinical practice. Consequently, clinicians are encouraged to consider proprioception throughout the entire kinetic chain rather than the shoulder joint in isolation as a determining factor of performance in throwing athletes.

AB - Understanding factors that influence throwing speed and accuracy is critical to performance in baseball. Shoulder proprioception has been implicated in the injury risk of throwing athletes, but no such link has been established with performance outcomes. The purpose of this study was to describe any relationship between shoulder proprioception acuity and throwing speed or accuracy. Twenty healthy elite adolescent male baseball players (age, 19.6 ± 2.6 years), who had represented the state of New South Wales in the past 18 months, were assessed for bilateral active shoulder proprioception (shoulder rotation in 908 of arm abduction moving toward external rotation using the active movement extent discrimination apparatus), maximal throwing speed (MTS, meters per second measured via a radar gun), and accuracy (total error in centimeters determined by video analysis) at 80 and 100% of MTS. Although proprioception in the dominant and nondominant arms was significantly correlated with each other (r = 0.54, p ≥ 0.01), no relationship was found between shoulder proprioception and performance. Shoulder proprioception was not a significant determinant of throwing performance such that high levels of speed and accuracy were achieved without a high degree of proprioception. There is no evidence to suggest therefore that this particular method of shoulder proprioception measurement should be implemented in clinical practice. Consequently, clinicians are encouraged to consider proprioception throughout the entire kinetic chain rather than the shoulder joint in isolation as a determining factor of performance in throwing athletes.

KW - Kinesthetic sense

KW - Pitching

KW - Position sense

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Rotation

KW - Young Adult

KW - Shoulder Joint/physiology

KW - Adolescent

KW - Range of Motion, Articular

KW - Proprioception/physiology

KW - Baseball/physiology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84927760749&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000507

DO - 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000507

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 181

EP - 187

JO - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

JF - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

SN - 1064-8011

IS - 1

ER -