Signal processing for ZLC-configuration insect monitoring radars: yields and sample biases

V. Alastair Drake

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A radar design that has proved effective for monitoring insect migratory flights employs a vertical beam in which rotating linear polarization is combined with a very narrow-angle conical scan - the “ZLC configuration”. The rather complicated echo-intensity time series produced when an individual insect traverses the radar's beam contains information about the insect's size, shape, orientation, and trajectory. However, retrieval of the various parameters is not always successful and some types of targets and target traverses are more vulnerable to processing failure than others. Variations in the ability of a profiling radar to detect targets of different sizes and at different heights are understood and can be corrected for if the target sizes and speeds are known (as is the case with a fully analyzed ZLC echo), but differences in processing success rates represent an additional source of bias. This preliminary study identifies height, the peak signal intensity, and target numbers as factors affecting processing yield, and presents some examples to illustrate how they act. These three quantities are available for all detected targets, as is required for use in any scheme for taking account of processing losses when generating profiles of target density (and other measures of insect activity of value to entomologists)
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication2013 International Conference on Radar
    EditorsDavid Crisp
    Place of PublicationUSA
    PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
    Pages298-303
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Electronic)9781467351782
    ISBN (Print)9781467351775
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    Event2013 International Conference on Radar - Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Duration: 9 Sep 201312 Sep 2013

    Conference

    Conference2013 International Conference on Radar
    CountryAustralia
    CityAdelaide
    Period9/09/1312/09/13

    Fingerprint

    signal processing
    insect
    radar
    monitoring
    polarization
    trajectory
    flight
    time series

    Cite this

    Drake, V. A. (2013). Signal processing for ZLC-configuration insect monitoring radars: yields and sample biases. In D. Crisp (Ed.), 2013 International Conference on Radar (pp. 298-303). USA: IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1109/RADAR.2013.6652002
    Drake, V. Alastair. / Signal processing for ZLC-configuration insect monitoring radars: yields and sample biases. 2013 International Conference on Radar. editor / David Crisp. USA : IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2013. pp. 298-303
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    abstract = "A radar design that has proved effective for monitoring insect migratory flights employs a vertical beam in which rotating linear polarization is combined with a very narrow-angle conical scan - the “ZLC configuration”. The rather complicated echo-intensity time series produced when an individual insect traverses the radar's beam contains information about the insect's size, shape, orientation, and trajectory. However, retrieval of the various parameters is not always successful and some types of targets and target traverses are more vulnerable to processing failure than others. Variations in the ability of a profiling radar to detect targets of different sizes and at different heights are understood and can be corrected for if the target sizes and speeds are known (as is the case with a fully analyzed ZLC echo), but differences in processing success rates represent an additional source of bias. This preliminary study identifies height, the peak signal intensity, and target numbers as factors affecting processing yield, and presents some examples to illustrate how they act. These three quantities are available for all detected targets, as is required for use in any scheme for taking account of processing losses when generating profiles of target density (and other measures of insect activity of value to entomologists)",
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    Drake, VA 2013, Signal processing for ZLC-configuration insect monitoring radars: yields and sample biases. in D Crisp (ed.), 2013 International Conference on Radar. IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, USA, pp. 298-303, 2013 International Conference on Radar, Adelaide, Australia, 9/09/13. https://doi.org/10.1109/RADAR.2013.6652002

    Signal processing for ZLC-configuration insect monitoring radars: yields and sample biases. / Drake, V. Alastair.

    2013 International Conference on Radar. ed. / David Crisp. USA : IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2013. p. 298-303.

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

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    N2 - A radar design that has proved effective for monitoring insect migratory flights employs a vertical beam in which rotating linear polarization is combined with a very narrow-angle conical scan - the “ZLC configuration”. The rather complicated echo-intensity time series produced when an individual insect traverses the radar's beam contains information about the insect's size, shape, orientation, and trajectory. However, retrieval of the various parameters is not always successful and some types of targets and target traverses are more vulnerable to processing failure than others. Variations in the ability of a profiling radar to detect targets of different sizes and at different heights are understood and can be corrected for if the target sizes and speeds are known (as is the case with a fully analyzed ZLC echo), but differences in processing success rates represent an additional source of bias. This preliminary study identifies height, the peak signal intensity, and target numbers as factors affecting processing yield, and presents some examples to illustrate how they act. These three quantities are available for all detected targets, as is required for use in any scheme for taking account of processing losses when generating profiles of target density (and other measures of insect activity of value to entomologists)

    AB - A radar design that has proved effective for monitoring insect migratory flights employs a vertical beam in which rotating linear polarization is combined with a very narrow-angle conical scan - the “ZLC configuration”. The rather complicated echo-intensity time series produced when an individual insect traverses the radar's beam contains information about the insect's size, shape, orientation, and trajectory. However, retrieval of the various parameters is not always successful and some types of targets and target traverses are more vulnerable to processing failure than others. Variations in the ability of a profiling radar to detect targets of different sizes and at different heights are understood and can be corrected for if the target sizes and speeds are known (as is the case with a fully analyzed ZLC echo), but differences in processing success rates represent an additional source of bias. This preliminary study identifies height, the peak signal intensity, and target numbers as factors affecting processing yield, and presents some examples to illustrate how they act. These three quantities are available for all detected targets, as is required for use in any scheme for taking account of processing losses when generating profiles of target density (and other measures of insect activity of value to entomologists)

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    Drake VA. Signal processing for ZLC-configuration insect monitoring radars: yields and sample biases. In Crisp D, editor, 2013 International Conference on Radar. USA: IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. 2013. p. 298-303 https://doi.org/10.1109/RADAR.2013.6652002