Social capital and aspirations for educational attainment: a cross-national comparison of Australia and Germany

Jenny CHESTERS, Jonathan Smith

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    11 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    With the emergence of ‘knowledge economies’ across the industrialised world, transitions from school to work have generally become more complex and uncertain. Nonetheless, such developments vary between countries, as young people form aspirations which align with their individual preferences, academic abilities and the economic, cultural and social capital to which they have access. Previous research emphasises the positive influence social capital received from parents and school networks has on young people's developing aspirations. Meanwhile, the social capital young people generate for themselves through ‘out-of-school’ activities is often construed as either irrelevant or problematic. In this paper, we examine the relationship between this latter dimension of social capital and the educational aspirations of young people in Australia (aged 14/15; n = 3586) and Germany (aged 14/15; n = 2517). Both countries have distinct institutional settings with varied school-to-work transition regimes. Our results show that youth-derived social capital, generated through participation in out-of school extra-curricular activities, mediates the association between parental background and educational aspirations in both countries. We suggest that, by exposing young people to broader sets of values, skills and resources not accessible within the family and the school context, such involvement may be important for promoting educational aspirations and attainment.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)932-949
    Number of pages18
    JournalJournal of Youth Studies
    Volume18
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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    social capital
    school
    knowledge economy
    cultural capital
    parents
    regime
    participation
    ability
    resources
    economics

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    abstract = "With the emergence of ‘knowledge economies’ across the industrialised world, transitions from school to work have generally become more complex and uncertain. Nonetheless, such developments vary between countries, as young people form aspirations which align with their individual preferences, academic abilities and the economic, cultural and social capital to which they have access. Previous research emphasises the positive influence social capital received from parents and school networks has on young people's developing aspirations. Meanwhile, the social capital young people generate for themselves through ‘out-of-school’ activities is often construed as either irrelevant or problematic. In this paper, we examine the relationship between this latter dimension of social capital and the educational aspirations of young people in Australia (aged 14/15; n = 3586) and Germany (aged 14/15; n = 2517). Both countries have distinct institutional settings with varied school-to-work transition regimes. Our results show that youth-derived social capital, generated through participation in out-of school extra-curricular activities, mediates the association between parental background and educational aspirations in both countries. We suggest that, by exposing young people to broader sets of values, skills and resources not accessible within the family and the school context, such involvement may be important for promoting educational aspirations and attainment.",
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    Social capital and aspirations for educational attainment: a cross-national comparison of Australia and Germany. / CHESTERS, Jenny; Smith, Jonathan.

    In: Journal of Youth Studies, Vol. 18, No. 7, 2015, p. 932-949.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Smith, Jonathan

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