Song energetics of the bladder cicada, Cystosoma saundersii

Ralph MAC NALLY, David Young

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract


    1. Males of Cystosoma saundersii produced their calling songs while tethered to holders.
    2. Oxygen consumption during singing was 0·136 ml min−1, equivalent to 45·0 mW, an increase of 42·55 mW over the resting metabolic rate.
    3. Maximum sound output was 90·6 dB at 20 cm. The whole sound-field was measured and represents a power output of 0·35 mW. The efficiency of sound production is 0·82%.
    4. Heat production, estimated from the weight of singing muscle, was 28·7 mW. This leaves 13·5 mW of output unaccounted for.
    5. Comparison with other species of insects suggests that none are more than an order of magnitude more efficient than C. saundersii.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)185-196
    JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
    Volume90
    Publication statusPublished - 1981

    Fingerprint

    Cicadidae
    Hemiptera
    Music
    song
    bladder
    animal communication
    Singing
    Urinary Bladder
    energetics
    heat production
    Thermogenesis
    oxygen consumption
    Oxygen Consumption
    Insects
    muscle
    insect
    Weights and Measures
    Muscles
    muscles
    insects

    Cite this

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    title = "Song energetics of the bladder cicada, Cystosoma saundersii",
    abstract = "1. Males of Cystosoma saundersii produced their calling songs while tethered to holders.2. Oxygen consumption during singing was 0·136 ml min−1, equivalent to 45·0 mW, an increase of 42·55 mW over the resting metabolic rate.3. Maximum sound output was 90·6 dB at 20 cm. The whole sound-field was measured and represents a power output of 0·35 mW. The efficiency of sound production is 0·82{\%}.4. Heat production, estimated from the weight of singing muscle, was 28·7 mW. This leaves 13·5 mW of output unaccounted for.5. Comparison with other species of insects suggests that none are more than an order of magnitude more efficient than C. saundersii.",
    author = "{MAC NALLY}, Ralph and David Young",
    year = "1981",
    language = "English",
    volume = "90",
    pages = "185--196",
    journal = "Journal of Experimental Biology",
    issn = "0022-0949",
    publisher = "Company of Biologists Ltd",

    }

    Song energetics of the bladder cicada, Cystosoma saundersii. / MAC NALLY, Ralph; Young, David.

    In: Journal of Experimental Biology, Vol. 90, 1981, p. 185-196.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Song energetics of the bladder cicada, Cystosoma saundersii

    AU - MAC NALLY, Ralph

    AU - Young, David

    PY - 1981

    Y1 - 1981

    N2 - 1. Males of Cystosoma saundersii produced their calling songs while tethered to holders.2. Oxygen consumption during singing was 0·136 ml min−1, equivalent to 45·0 mW, an increase of 42·55 mW over the resting metabolic rate.3. Maximum sound output was 90·6 dB at 20 cm. The whole sound-field was measured and represents a power output of 0·35 mW. The efficiency of sound production is 0·82%.4. Heat production, estimated from the weight of singing muscle, was 28·7 mW. This leaves 13·5 mW of output unaccounted for.5. Comparison with other species of insects suggests that none are more than an order of magnitude more efficient than C. saundersii.

    AB - 1. Males of Cystosoma saundersii produced their calling songs while tethered to holders.2. Oxygen consumption during singing was 0·136 ml min−1, equivalent to 45·0 mW, an increase of 42·55 mW over the resting metabolic rate.3. Maximum sound output was 90·6 dB at 20 cm. The whole sound-field was measured and represents a power output of 0·35 mW. The efficiency of sound production is 0·82%.4. Heat production, estimated from the weight of singing muscle, was 28·7 mW. This leaves 13·5 mW of output unaccounted for.5. Comparison with other species of insects suggests that none are more than an order of magnitude more efficient than C. saundersii.

    M3 - Article

    VL - 90

    SP - 185

    EP - 196

    JO - Journal of Experimental Biology

    JF - Journal of Experimental Biology

    SN - 0022-0949

    ER -