Spatial and seasonal distribution of trace metals in floodplain soils. A case study with the Middle Elbe River, Germany

Christiane Schulz-Zunkel, Frank Krueger, Holger Rupp, Ralph Meissner, Bernd GRUBER, Michael Gerisch, Hans Rudolf Bork

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    19 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Field monitoring stations were used to assess selected soil parameters and tracemetal concentrations in soil solution (As, Cd, Cu, Cr, Ni, Zn) to assess their behaviour under spatial as well as seasonal variations. We investigated three different plots within a floodplain research area varying in terms of their soil characteristics as well as their trace metal contents. Redox potential was found to be an important factor controlling the release of trace metals under field conditions on all plots coupled with a strong seasonal influence in almost all cases. However, by using generalised additive models it was possible to identify the specific courses of redox potentials related to the several tracemetals depending on seasonal changes across the three plots.Whereas Cu and Cr concentrations increased with increasing redox potentials, Cd, Ni and Zn concentrations decreased. No clear pattern could be identified for As, although the data clearly reveal a seasonal dependency on flood events over the year and show increasing As concentrations even during smaller inundation events. The results of the generalised additive mixed models identified hot spots and hot moments of dissolved trace metal concentrations specific to soil horizons within the three plots. Thus we can provide data for further management implications that should be taken into account in an ecosystem that provides a whole host of ecosystem functions and services.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)128-137
    Number of pages10
    JournalGeoderma
    Volume211-212
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Fingerprint

    alluvial soils
    redox potential
    trace metal
    trace elements
    floodplain
    Germany
    case studies
    rivers
    river
    soil
    ecosystems
    soil horizons
    soil horizon
    ecosystem function
    soil solution
    ecosystem service
    floodplains
    seasonal variation
    monitoring
    ecosystem

    Cite this

    Schulz-Zunkel, Christiane ; Krueger, Frank ; Rupp, Holger ; Meissner, Ralph ; GRUBER, Bernd ; Gerisch, Michael ; Bork, Hans Rudolf. / Spatial and seasonal distribution of trace metals in floodplain soils. A case study with the Middle Elbe River, Germany. In: Geoderma. 2013 ; Vol. 211-212. pp. 128-137.
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    abstract = "Field monitoring stations were used to assess selected soil parameters and tracemetal concentrations in soil solution (As, Cd, Cu, Cr, Ni, Zn) to assess their behaviour under spatial as well as seasonal variations. We investigated three different plots within a floodplain research area varying in terms of their soil characteristics as well as their trace metal contents. Redox potential was found to be an important factor controlling the release of trace metals under field conditions on all plots coupled with a strong seasonal influence in almost all cases. However, by using generalised additive models it was possible to identify the specific courses of redox potentials related to the several tracemetals depending on seasonal changes across the three plots.Whereas Cu and Cr concentrations increased with increasing redox potentials, Cd, Ni and Zn concentrations decreased. No clear pattern could be identified for As, although the data clearly reveal a seasonal dependency on flood events over the year and show increasing As concentrations even during smaller inundation events. The results of the generalised additive mixed models identified hot spots and hot moments of dissolved trace metal concentrations specific to soil horizons within the three plots. Thus we can provide data for further management implications that should be taken into account in an ecosystem that provides a whole host of ecosystem functions and services.",
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    author = "Christiane Schulz-Zunkel and Frank Krueger and Holger Rupp and Ralph Meissner and Bernd GRUBER and Michael Gerisch and Bork, {Hans Rudolf}",
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    Spatial and seasonal distribution of trace metals in floodplain soils. A case study with the Middle Elbe River, Germany. / Schulz-Zunkel, Christiane; Krueger, Frank; Rupp, Holger; Meissner, Ralph; GRUBER, Bernd; Gerisch, Michael; Bork, Hans Rudolf.

    In: Geoderma, Vol. 211-212, 2013, p. 128-137.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Schulz-Zunkel, Christiane

    AU - Krueger, Frank

    AU - Rupp, Holger

    AU - Meissner, Ralph

    AU - GRUBER, Bernd

    AU - Gerisch, Michael

    AU - Bork, Hans Rudolf

    PY - 2013

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    N2 - Field monitoring stations were used to assess selected soil parameters and tracemetal concentrations in soil solution (As, Cd, Cu, Cr, Ni, Zn) to assess their behaviour under spatial as well as seasonal variations. We investigated three different plots within a floodplain research area varying in terms of their soil characteristics as well as their trace metal contents. Redox potential was found to be an important factor controlling the release of trace metals under field conditions on all plots coupled with a strong seasonal influence in almost all cases. However, by using generalised additive models it was possible to identify the specific courses of redox potentials related to the several tracemetals depending on seasonal changes across the three plots.Whereas Cu and Cr concentrations increased with increasing redox potentials, Cd, Ni and Zn concentrations decreased. No clear pattern could be identified for As, although the data clearly reveal a seasonal dependency on flood events over the year and show increasing As concentrations even during smaller inundation events. The results of the generalised additive mixed models identified hot spots and hot moments of dissolved trace metal concentrations specific to soil horizons within the three plots. Thus we can provide data for further management implications that should be taken into account in an ecosystem that provides a whole host of ecosystem functions and services.

    AB - Field monitoring stations were used to assess selected soil parameters and tracemetal concentrations in soil solution (As, Cd, Cu, Cr, Ni, Zn) to assess their behaviour under spatial as well as seasonal variations. We investigated three different plots within a floodplain research area varying in terms of their soil characteristics as well as their trace metal contents. Redox potential was found to be an important factor controlling the release of trace metals under field conditions on all plots coupled with a strong seasonal influence in almost all cases. However, by using generalised additive models it was possible to identify the specific courses of redox potentials related to the several tracemetals depending on seasonal changes across the three plots.Whereas Cu and Cr concentrations increased with increasing redox potentials, Cd, Ni and Zn concentrations decreased. No clear pattern could be identified for As, although the data clearly reveal a seasonal dependency on flood events over the year and show increasing As concentrations even during smaller inundation events. The results of the generalised additive mixed models identified hot spots and hot moments of dissolved trace metal concentrations specific to soil horizons within the three plots. Thus we can provide data for further management implications that should be taken into account in an ecosystem that provides a whole host of ecosystem functions and services.

    KW - Wetland soils

    KW - Trace metals

    KW - Redox potential

    KW - Ecosystem functioning

    KW - Elbe Basin.

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