Sr isotope measurements in beef-analytical challenge and first results

S. Rummel, C. H. Dekant, S. Hölzl, S. D. Kelly, M. Baxter, N. Marigheto, C. R. Quetel, R. Larcher, G. Nicolini, H. Fröschl, H. Ueckermann, J. Hoogewerff

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Abstract

The strontium isotope ratio ( 87Sr/ 86Sr) in beef, derived from 206 European cattle, has been measured. These cattle were located in 12 different European regions within France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Spain and the UK. As animal protein is known to be a difficult material on which to conduct Sr isotope analysis, several investigations were undertaken to develop and improve the sample preparation procedure. For example, Sr isotope analysis was performed directly on freeze-dried meat and defatted dry mass from the same samples. It was found that enormous differences-sometimes exceeding the measurement uncertainty-could occur between the fractions and also within one sample even if treated in the same manner. These variations cannot be definitely allocated to one cause but are most likely due to inhomogeneities caused by physiological and biochemical processes in the animals as post mortem contamination during analytical processing could be excluded. For further Sr isotope measurements in meat, careful data handling is recommended, and for the authentic beef samples within this project, it was decided to use only freeze-dried material. It can be demonstrated, however, that Sr isotope measurements in beef proteins are a valuable tool for authentication of geographic origin. Although partly overlapping, some of the European sampling sites could be discriminated even by only using 87Sr/ 86Sr. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2837-2848
Number of pages12
JournalAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Volume402
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

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    Rummel, S., Dekant, C. H., Hölzl, S., Kelly, S. D., Baxter, M., Marigheto, N., Quetel, C. R., Larcher, R., Nicolini, G., Fröschl, H., Ueckermann, H., & Hoogewerff, J. (2012). Sr isotope measurements in beef-analytical challenge and first results. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 402(9), 2837-2848. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-012-5759-3