Strengthening the practice of exercise and sport-science research

Israel Halperin, Andrew D Vigotsky, Carl Foster, David B Pyne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exercise and sport sciences continue to grow as a collective set of disciplines by investigating a broad array of basic and applied research questions. Despite the progress, there is room for improvement. A number of problems pertaining to reliability and validity of research practices hinder advancement and the potential impact of the field. These problems include: 1) inadequate validation of surrogate outcomes, 2) too few longitudinal and 3) replication studies, 4) limited reporting of null or trivial results, and 5) insufficient scientific transparency. The purpose of this review is to discuss these problems as they pertain to exercise and sport sciences based on their treatment in other disciplines, namely psychology and medicine, and propose a number of solutions and recommendations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-134
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Volume13
Issue number2
Early online date8 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Fingerprint

Sports
Research
Reproducibility of Results
Medicine
Psychology

Cite this

Halperin, Israel ; Vigotsky, Andrew D ; Foster, Carl ; Pyne, David B. / Strengthening the practice of exercise and sport-science research. In: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 2018 ; Vol. 13, No. 2. pp. 127-134.
@article{b00b11ae8cf549ec980616bda475c8c1,
title = "Strengthening the practice of exercise and sport-science research",
abstract = "Exercise and sport sciences continue to grow as a collective set of disciplines by investigating a broad array of basic and applied research questions. Despite the progress, there is room for improvement. A number of problems pertaining to reliability and validity of research practices hinder advancement and the potential impact of the field. These problems include: 1) inadequate validation of surrogate outcomes, 2) too few longitudinal and 3) replication studies, 4) limited reporting of null or trivial results, and 5) insufficient scientific transparency. The purpose of this review is to discuss these problems as they pertain to exercise and sport sciences based on their treatment in other disciplines, namely psychology and medicine, and propose a number of solutions and recommendations.",
keywords = "Methodology, Null results, Replication",
author = "Israel Halperin and Vigotsky, {Andrew D} and Carl Foster and Pyne, {David B}",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1123/ijspp.2017-0322",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "127--134",
journal = "International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance",
issn = "1555-0265",
publisher = "Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.",
number = "2",

}

Strengthening the practice of exercise and sport-science research. / Halperin, Israel; Vigotsky, Andrew D; Foster, Carl; Pyne, David B.

In: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, Vol. 13, No. 2, 01.02.2018, p. 127-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Strengthening the practice of exercise and sport-science research

AU - Halperin, Israel

AU - Vigotsky, Andrew D

AU - Foster, Carl

AU - Pyne, David B

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - Exercise and sport sciences continue to grow as a collective set of disciplines by investigating a broad array of basic and applied research questions. Despite the progress, there is room for improvement. A number of problems pertaining to reliability and validity of research practices hinder advancement and the potential impact of the field. These problems include: 1) inadequate validation of surrogate outcomes, 2) too few longitudinal and 3) replication studies, 4) limited reporting of null or trivial results, and 5) insufficient scientific transparency. The purpose of this review is to discuss these problems as they pertain to exercise and sport sciences based on their treatment in other disciplines, namely psychology and medicine, and propose a number of solutions and recommendations.

AB - Exercise and sport sciences continue to grow as a collective set of disciplines by investigating a broad array of basic and applied research questions. Despite the progress, there is room for improvement. A number of problems pertaining to reliability and validity of research practices hinder advancement and the potential impact of the field. These problems include: 1) inadequate validation of surrogate outcomes, 2) too few longitudinal and 3) replication studies, 4) limited reporting of null or trivial results, and 5) insufficient scientific transparency. The purpose of this review is to discuss these problems as they pertain to exercise and sport sciences based on their treatment in other disciplines, namely psychology and medicine, and propose a number of solutions and recommendations.

KW - Methodology

KW - Null results

KW - Replication

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85039978004&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/strengthening-practice-exercise-sportscience-research

U2 - 10.1123/ijspp.2017-0322

DO - 10.1123/ijspp.2017-0322

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 127

EP - 134

JO - International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

JF - International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

SN - 1555-0265

IS - 2

ER -