Studies about gender difference in mental rotation ability are well documented in the context of developed countries; though not in developing or low-income ones. This paper examined students’ mental rotation ability as a function of gender in a disadvantaged community in Indonesia. The Spatial Reasoning Instrument (SRI) was used to test 334 students aged 13-14 years old in an untimed test. The characteristics of the SRI items were analysed in relation to the gender difference. The results showed a significant difference in favour of males on both 2D and 3D mental rotation tasks. The effect of the task direction was mediated by gender; the girls performed significantly lower than boys for the task with an implicit direction.
|Title of host publication||Mathematics Education Research: Impacting Practice|
|Subtitle of host publication||Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia|
|Editors||Gregory Hine, Susan Blackley, Audrey Cooke|
|Place of Publication||Adelaide, Australia|
|Publisher||Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
|Event||42nd MERGA Conference 2019: Mathematics Education Research: Impacting Practice - Curtin University, Perth, Australia|
Duration: 30 Jun 2019 → 4 Jul 2019
|Conference||42nd MERGA Conference 2019|
|Period||30/06/19 → 4/07/19|
WINARTI, D., & PATAHUDDIN, S. (2019). Students’ ability to solving mental rotation items: Gender perspective within disadvantaged community. In G. Hine, S. Blackley, & A. Cooke (Eds.), Mathematics Education Research: Impacting Practice: Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia (pp. 771-778). Adelaide, Australia: Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia.