Targeting at risk households in Bangladesh exposed to arsenic contamination

a spatial analysis

Jahidur Rahman Khan, K. Shuvo Bakar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study seeks to identify the spatial risk pattern of households (HHs) exposed to arsenic contamination in Bangladesh by adjusting potential socio-economic, demographic factors. Data from Bangladesh Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2012–13 are used where hierarchical Bayesian spatial ordered logit model is implemented. The analysis shows that 25% of HH water samples were arsenic contaminated, although the majority (95%) of HHs used improved water sources. Arsenic contamination risk in the HH water was significantly associated with water source type and location, place of residence and districts. The model-based spatial prediction reveals that the north-east and south-west parts of Bangladesh have a high risk of contamination. To ensure the quality of HH water, our findings suggest that chemical test should be promoted considering the spatial risk of arsenic contaminations variations among HHs of Bangladesh. Furthermore, the study findings can effectively contribute in the planning of future interventions and programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Health Research
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Jan 2019

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Spatial Analysis
Bangladesh
Arsenic
Contamination
Water
Water Quality
Planning
Logistic Models
Economics
Demography

Cite this

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abstract = "This study seeks to identify the spatial risk pattern of households (HHs) exposed to arsenic contamination in Bangladesh by adjusting potential socio-economic, demographic factors. Data from Bangladesh Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2012–13 are used where hierarchical Bayesian spatial ordered logit model is implemented. The analysis shows that 25{\%} of HH water samples were arsenic contaminated, although the majority (95{\%}) of HHs used improved water sources. Arsenic contamination risk in the HH water was significantly associated with water source type and location, place of residence and districts. The model-based spatial prediction reveals that the north-east and south-west parts of Bangladesh have a high risk of contamination. To ensure the quality of HH water, our findings suggest that chemical test should be promoted considering the spatial risk of arsenic contaminations variations among HHs of Bangladesh. Furthermore, the study findings can effectively contribute in the planning of future interventions and programs.",
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Targeting at risk households in Bangladesh exposed to arsenic contamination : a spatial analysis. / Khan, Jahidur Rahman; Bakar, K. Shuvo.

In: International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 01.01.2019, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - This study seeks to identify the spatial risk pattern of households (HHs) exposed to arsenic contamination in Bangladesh by adjusting potential socio-economic, demographic factors. Data from Bangladesh Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2012–13 are used where hierarchical Bayesian spatial ordered logit model is implemented. The analysis shows that 25% of HH water samples were arsenic contaminated, although the majority (95%) of HHs used improved water sources. Arsenic contamination risk in the HH water was significantly associated with water source type and location, place of residence and districts. The model-based spatial prediction reveals that the north-east and south-west parts of Bangladesh have a high risk of contamination. To ensure the quality of HH water, our findings suggest that chemical test should be promoted considering the spatial risk of arsenic contaminations variations among HHs of Bangladesh. Furthermore, the study findings can effectively contribute in the planning of future interventions and programs.

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