Ten days of simulated live high:Train low altitude training increases hbmass in elite water polo players

Laura GARVICAN, Sally A. Clark, Ted Polglaze, Greg Mcfadden, Christopher Gore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives Water polo requires high aerobic power to meet the demands of match play. Live high:train low (LHTL) may enhance aerobic capacity at sea level. Before the Olympics, the Australian women's water polo team utilised LHTL in an attempt to enhance aerobic fitness. Methods Over 6 months, 11 players completed three normobaric LHTL exposures (block 1:11 days at 3000 m; block 2+3:9 days at 2500 m, 11 days normoxia, 10 days at 2800 m). Haemoglobin mass (Hbmass) was measured through carbon monoxide-rebreathing. Before each block, the relationship between Hbmass and water polo-specific aerobic fitness was investigated using the Multistage Shuttle Swim Test (MSST). Effect size statistics were adopted with likely, highly likely and almost certainly results being >75%, >95%, >99%, respectively. A Pearson product moment correlation was used to characterise the association between pooled data of Hbmass and MSST. Results Hbmass (mean±SD, pre 721±66 g) likely increased after block 1 and almost certainly after block 2+3 (% change; 90% confidence limits: block 1: 3.7%; 1.3–6.2%, block 2+3: 4.5%; 3.8–5.1%) and the net effect was almost certainly higher after block 2+3 than before block 1 (pre) by 8.5%; 7.3–9.7%. There was a very large correlation between Hbmass (g/kg) and MSST score (r=0.73). Conclusions LHTL exposures of <2 weeks induced approximately 4% increase in Hbmass of water polo players. Extra Hbmass may increase aerobic power, but since match performance is nuanced by many factors it is impossible to ascertain whether the increased Hbmass contributed to Australia's Bronze medal
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-73
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume47
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Hemoglobins
Water
Numismatics
Carbon Monoxide
Oceans and Seas

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GARVICAN, Laura ; Clark, Sally A. ; Polglaze, Ted ; Mcfadden, Greg ; Gore, Christopher. / Ten days of simulated live high:Train low altitude training increases hbmass in elite water polo players. In: British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2013 ; Vol. 47, No. SUPPL. 1. pp. 70-73.
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abstract = "Objectives Water polo requires high aerobic power to meet the demands of match play. Live high:train low (LHTL) may enhance aerobic capacity at sea level. Before the Olympics, the Australian women's water polo team utilised LHTL in an attempt to enhance aerobic fitness. Methods Over 6 months, 11 players completed three normobaric LHTL exposures (block 1:11 days at 3000 m; block 2+3:9 days at 2500 m, 11 days normoxia, 10 days at 2800 m). Haemoglobin mass (Hbmass) was measured through carbon monoxide-rebreathing. Before each block, the relationship between Hbmass and water polo-specific aerobic fitness was investigated using the Multistage Shuttle Swim Test (MSST). Effect size statistics were adopted with likely, highly likely and almost certainly results being >75{\%}, >95{\%}, >99{\%}, respectively. A Pearson product moment correlation was used to characterise the association between pooled data of Hbmass and MSST. Results Hbmass (mean±SD, pre 721±66 g) likely increased after block 1 and almost certainly after block 2+3 ({\%} change; 90{\%} confidence limits: block 1: 3.7{\%}; 1.3–6.2{\%}, block 2+3: 4.5{\%}; 3.8–5.1{\%}) and the net effect was almost certainly higher after block 2+3 than before block 1 (pre) by 8.5{\%}; 7.3–9.7{\%}. There was a very large correlation between Hbmass (g/kg) and MSST score (r=0.73). Conclusions LHTL exposures of <2 weeks induced approximately 4{\%} increase in Hbmass of water polo players. Extra Hbmass may increase aerobic power, but since match performance is nuanced by many factors it is impossible to ascertain whether the increased Hbmass contributed to Australia's Bronze medal",
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Ten days of simulated live high:Train low altitude training increases hbmass in elite water polo players. / GARVICAN, Laura; Clark, Sally A.; Polglaze, Ted; Mcfadden, Greg; Gore, Christopher.

In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 47, No. SUPPL. 1, 2013, p. 70-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Ten days of simulated live high:Train low altitude training increases hbmass in elite water polo players

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AU - Clark, Sally A.

AU - Polglaze, Ted

AU - Mcfadden, Greg

AU - Gore, Christopher

PY - 2013

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N2 - Objectives Water polo requires high aerobic power to meet the demands of match play. Live high:train low (LHTL) may enhance aerobic capacity at sea level. Before the Olympics, the Australian women's water polo team utilised LHTL in an attempt to enhance aerobic fitness. Methods Over 6 months, 11 players completed three normobaric LHTL exposures (block 1:11 days at 3000 m; block 2+3:9 days at 2500 m, 11 days normoxia, 10 days at 2800 m). Haemoglobin mass (Hbmass) was measured through carbon monoxide-rebreathing. Before each block, the relationship between Hbmass and water polo-specific aerobic fitness was investigated using the Multistage Shuttle Swim Test (MSST). Effect size statistics were adopted with likely, highly likely and almost certainly results being >75%, >95%, >99%, respectively. A Pearson product moment correlation was used to characterise the association between pooled data of Hbmass and MSST. Results Hbmass (mean±SD, pre 721±66 g) likely increased after block 1 and almost certainly after block 2+3 (% change; 90% confidence limits: block 1: 3.7%; 1.3–6.2%, block 2+3: 4.5%; 3.8–5.1%) and the net effect was almost certainly higher after block 2+3 than before block 1 (pre) by 8.5%; 7.3–9.7%. There was a very large correlation between Hbmass (g/kg) and MSST score (r=0.73). Conclusions LHTL exposures of <2 weeks induced approximately 4% increase in Hbmass of water polo players. Extra Hbmass may increase aerobic power, but since match performance is nuanced by many factors it is impossible to ascertain whether the increased Hbmass contributed to Australia's Bronze medal

AB - Objectives Water polo requires high aerobic power to meet the demands of match play. Live high:train low (LHTL) may enhance aerobic capacity at sea level. Before the Olympics, the Australian women's water polo team utilised LHTL in an attempt to enhance aerobic fitness. Methods Over 6 months, 11 players completed three normobaric LHTL exposures (block 1:11 days at 3000 m; block 2+3:9 days at 2500 m, 11 days normoxia, 10 days at 2800 m). Haemoglobin mass (Hbmass) was measured through carbon monoxide-rebreathing. Before each block, the relationship between Hbmass and water polo-specific aerobic fitness was investigated using the Multistage Shuttle Swim Test (MSST). Effect size statistics were adopted with likely, highly likely and almost certainly results being >75%, >95%, >99%, respectively. A Pearson product moment correlation was used to characterise the association between pooled data of Hbmass and MSST. Results Hbmass (mean±SD, pre 721±66 g) likely increased after block 1 and almost certainly after block 2+3 (% change; 90% confidence limits: block 1: 3.7%; 1.3–6.2%, block 2+3: 4.5%; 3.8–5.1%) and the net effect was almost certainly higher after block 2+3 than before block 1 (pre) by 8.5%; 7.3–9.7%. There was a very large correlation between Hbmass (g/kg) and MSST score (r=0.73). Conclusions LHTL exposures of <2 weeks induced approximately 4% increase in Hbmass of water polo players. Extra Hbmass may increase aerobic power, but since match performance is nuanced by many factors it is impossible to ascertain whether the increased Hbmass contributed to Australia's Bronze medal

KW - (blank)

U2 - 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092746

DO - 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092746

M3 - Article

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SP - 70

EP - 73

JO - British Journal of Sports Medicine

JF - British Journal of Sports Medicine

SN - 0306-3674

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