Tendon neuroplastic training: changing the way we think about tendon rehabilitation: a narrative review

Ebonie Rio, Dawson Kidgell, G Lorimer Moseley, Jamie GAIDA, Sean Docking, Craig Purdam, Jill Cook

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    Abstract

    Tendinopathy can be resistant to treatment and often recurs, implying that current treatment approaches are suboptimal. Rehabilitation programmes that have been successful in terms of pain reduction and return to sport outcomes usually include strength training. Muscle activation can induce analgesia, improving self-efficacy associated with reducing one's own pain. Furthermore, strength training is beneficial for tendon matrix structure, muscle properties and limb biomechanics. However, current tendon rehabilitation may not adequately address the corticospinal control of the muscle, which may result in altered control of muscle recruitment and the consequent tendon load, and this may contribute to recalcitrance or symptom recurrence. Outcomes of interest include the effect of strength training on tendon pain, corticospinal excitability and short interval cortical inhibition. The aims of this concept paper are to: (1) review what is known about changes to the primary motor cortex and motor control in tendinopathy, (2) identify the parameters shown to induce neuroplasticity in strength training and (3) align these principles with tendon rehabilitation loading protocols to introduce a combination approach termed as tendon neuroplastic training. Strength training is a powerful modulator of the central nervous system. In particular, corticospinal inputs are essential for motor unit recruitment and activation; however, specific strength training parameters are important for neuroplasticity. Strength training that is externally paced and akin to a skilled movement task has been shown to not only reduce tendon pain, but modulate excitatory and inhibitory control of the muscle and therefore, potentially tendon load. An improved understanding of the methods that maximise the opportunity for neuroplasticity may be an important progression in how we prescribe exercise-based rehabilitation in tendinopathy for pain modulation and potentially restoration of the corticospinal control of the muscle-tendon complex
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)209-215
    Number of pages7
    JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
    Volume50
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Fingerprint

    Tendons
    Resistance Training
    Rehabilitation
    Muscles
    Tendinopathy
    Neuronal Plasticity
    Pain
    Neurophysiological Recruitment
    Exercise Therapy
    Motor Cortex
    Self Efficacy
    Biomechanical Phenomena
    Analgesia
    Extremities
    Central Nervous System
    Recurrence
    Therapeutics

    Cite this

    Rio, Ebonie ; Kidgell, Dawson ; Moseley, G Lorimer ; GAIDA, Jamie ; Docking, Sean ; Purdam, Craig ; Cook, Jill. / Tendon neuroplastic training: changing the way we think about tendon rehabilitation: a narrative review. In: British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2016 ; Vol. 50. pp. 209-215.
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    abstract = "Tendinopathy can be resistant to treatment and often recurs, implying that current treatment approaches are suboptimal. Rehabilitation programmes that have been successful in terms of pain reduction and return to sport outcomes usually include strength training. Muscle activation can induce analgesia, improving self-efficacy associated with reducing one's own pain. Furthermore, strength training is beneficial for tendon matrix structure, muscle properties and limb biomechanics. However, current tendon rehabilitation may not adequately address the corticospinal control of the muscle, which may result in altered control of muscle recruitment and the consequent tendon load, and this may contribute to recalcitrance or symptom recurrence. Outcomes of interest include the effect of strength training on tendon pain, corticospinal excitability and short interval cortical inhibition. The aims of this concept paper are to: (1) review what is known about changes to the primary motor cortex and motor control in tendinopathy, (2) identify the parameters shown to induce neuroplasticity in strength training and (3) align these principles with tendon rehabilitation loading protocols to introduce a combination approach termed as tendon neuroplastic training. Strength training is a powerful modulator of the central nervous system. In particular, corticospinal inputs are essential for motor unit recruitment and activation; however, specific strength training parameters are important for neuroplasticity. Strength training that is externally paced and akin to a skilled movement task has been shown to not only reduce tendon pain, but modulate excitatory and inhibitory control of the muscle and therefore, potentially tendon load. An improved understanding of the methods that maximise the opportunity for neuroplasticity may be an important progression in how we prescribe exercise-based rehabilitation in tendinopathy for pain modulation and potentially restoration of the corticospinal control of the muscle-tendon complex",
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    Tendon neuroplastic training: changing the way we think about tendon rehabilitation: a narrative review. / Rio, Ebonie; Kidgell, Dawson; Moseley, G Lorimer; GAIDA, Jamie; Docking, Sean; Purdam, Craig; Cook, Jill.

    In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 50, 2016, p. 209-215.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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