The 10 Australian ecosystems most vulnerable to tipping points

William F. Laurance, Bernard Dell, Stephen M. Turton, Michael J. Lawes, Lindsay B. Hutley, Hamish McCallum, P. Dale, Michael Bird, G. Hardy, G. Prideaux, B. Gawne, C.R. McMahon, R. Yu, J.-M. Hero, L. Schwarzkopf, A. Krockenberger, M. Douglas, E. Silvester, M. Mahony, K. Vella & 5 others U. Saikia, C.-H. Wahren, Z. Xu, Bradley Smith, Chris Cocklin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    108 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We identify the 10 major terrestrial and marine ecosystems in Australia most vulnerable to tipping points, in which modest environmental changes can cause disproportionately large changes in ecosystem properties. To accomplish this we independently surveyed the coauthors of this paper to produce a list of candidate ecosystems, and then refined this list during a 2-day workshop. The list includes (1) elevationally restricted mountain ecosystems, (2) tropical savannas, (3) coastal floodplains and wetlands, (4) coral reefs, (5) drier rainforests, (6) wetlands and floodplains in the Murray-Darling Basin, (7) the Mediterranean ecosystems of southwestern Australia, (8) offshore islands, (9) temperate eucalypt forests, and (10) salt marshes and mangroves. Some of these ecosystems are vulnerable to widespread phase-changes that could fundamentally alter ecosystem properties such as habitat structure, species composition, fire regimes, or carbon storage. Others appear susceptible to major changes across only part of their geographic range, whereas yet others are susceptible to a large-scale decline of key biotic components, such as small mammals or stream-dwelling amphibians. For each ecosystem we consider the intrinsic features and external drivers that render it susceptible to tipping points, and identify subtypes of the ecosystem that we deem to be especially vulnerable
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1472-1480
    Number of pages9
    JournalBiological Conservation
    Volume144
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Fingerprint

    ecosystems
    ecosystem
    floodplain
    floodplains
    wetland
    wetlands
    habitat structure
    small mammal
    temperate forest
    fire regime
    terrestrial ecosystem
    marine ecosystem
    saltmarsh
    rainforest
    savanna
    carbon sequestration
    amphibian
    mangrove
    phase transition
    coral reef

    Cite this

    Laurance, W. F., Dell, B., Turton, S. M., Lawes, M. J., Hutley, L. B., McCallum, H., ... Cocklin, C. (2011). The 10 Australian ecosystems most vulnerable to tipping points. Biological Conservation, 144(5), 1472-1480. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2011.01.016
    Laurance, William F. ; Dell, Bernard ; Turton, Stephen M. ; Lawes, Michael J. ; Hutley, Lindsay B. ; McCallum, Hamish ; Dale, P. ; Bird, Michael ; Hardy, G. ; Prideaux, G. ; Gawne, B. ; McMahon, C.R. ; Yu, R. ; Hero, J.-M. ; Schwarzkopf, L. ; Krockenberger, A. ; Douglas, M. ; Silvester, E. ; Mahony, M. ; Vella, K. ; Saikia, U. ; Wahren, C.-H. ; Xu, Z. ; Smith, Bradley ; Cocklin, Chris. / The 10 Australian ecosystems most vulnerable to tipping points. In: Biological Conservation. 2011 ; Vol. 144, No. 5. pp. 1472-1480.
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    Laurance, WF, Dell, B, Turton, SM, Lawes, MJ, Hutley, LB, McCallum, H, Dale, P, Bird, M, Hardy, G, Prideaux, G, Gawne, B, McMahon, CR, Yu, R, Hero, J-M, Schwarzkopf, L, Krockenberger, A, Douglas, M, Silvester, E, Mahony, M, Vella, K, Saikia, U, Wahren, C-H, Xu, Z, Smith, B & Cocklin, C 2011, 'The 10 Australian ecosystems most vulnerable to tipping points', Biological Conservation, vol. 144, no. 5, pp. 1472-1480. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2011.01.016

    The 10 Australian ecosystems most vulnerable to tipping points. / Laurance, William F.; Dell, Bernard; Turton, Stephen M.; Lawes, Michael J.; Hutley, Lindsay B.; McCallum, Hamish; Dale, P.; Bird, Michael; Hardy, G.; Prideaux, G.; Gawne, B.; McMahon, C.R.; Yu, R.; Hero, J.-M.; Schwarzkopf, L.; Krockenberger, A.; Douglas, M.; Silvester, E.; Mahony, M.; Vella, K.; Saikia, U.; Wahren, C.-H.; Xu, Z.; Smith, Bradley; Cocklin, Chris.

    In: Biological Conservation, Vol. 144, No. 5, 2011, p. 1472-1480.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Dell, Bernard

    AU - Turton, Stephen M.

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    AU - Dale, P.

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    AU - Hardy, G.

    AU - Prideaux, G.

    AU - Gawne, B.

    AU - McMahon, C.R.

    AU - Yu, R.

    AU - Hero, J.-M.

    AU - Schwarzkopf, L.

    AU - Krockenberger, A.

    AU - Douglas, M.

    AU - Silvester, E.

    AU - Mahony, M.

    AU - Vella, K.

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    AU - Wahren, C.-H.

    AU - Xu, Z.

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    Laurance WF, Dell B, Turton SM, Lawes MJ, Hutley LB, McCallum H et al. The 10 Australian ecosystems most vulnerable to tipping points. Biological Conservation. 2011;144(5):1472-1480. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2011.01.016