The acceleration dependent validity and reliability of 10Hz GPS

Richard Akenhead, Duncan French, Kevin G Thompson, Philip R. Hayes

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    67 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objectives: To examine the validity and inter-unit reliability of 10. Hz GPS for measuring instantaneous velocity during maximal accelerations. Design: Experimental. Methods: Two 10. Hz GPS devices secured to a sliding platform mounted on a custom built monorail were towed whilst sprinting maximally over 10. m. Displacement of GPS devices was measured using a laser sampling at 2000. Hz, from which velocity and mean acceleration were derived. Velocity data was pooled into acceleration thresholds according to mean acceleration. Agreement between laser and GPS measures of instantaneous velocity within each acceleration threshold was examined using least squares linear regression and Bland-Altman limits of agreement (LOA). Inter-unit reliability was expressed as typical error (TE) and a Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: Mean bias±95% LOA during accelerations of 0-0.99ms-2 was 0.12±0.27ms-1, decreasing to -0.40±0.67ms-1 during accelerations >4ms-2. Standard error of the estimate ±95% CI (SEE) increased from 0.12±0.02ms-1 during accelerations of 0-0.99ms-2 to 0.32±0.06ms-1 during accelerations >4ms-2. TE increased from 0.05±0.01 to 0.12±0.01ms-1 during accelerations of 0-0.99ms-2 and >4ms-2 respectively. Conclusion: The validity and reliability of 10Hz GPS for the measurement of instantaneous velocity has been shown to be inversely related to acceleration. Those using 10Hz GPS should be aware that during accelerations of over 4ms-2, accuracy is compromised.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)562-566
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
    Volume17
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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    Reproducibility of Results
    Lasers
    Equipment and Supplies
    Least-Squares Analysis
    Linear Models
    Research Design

    Cite this

    Akenhead, Richard ; French, Duncan ; Thompson, Kevin G ; Hayes, Philip R. / The acceleration dependent validity and reliability of 10Hz GPS. In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2014 ; Vol. 17, No. 5. pp. 562-566.
    @article{50f1e51639f64341aada1c91d33f68b5,
    title = "The acceleration dependent validity and reliability of 10Hz GPS",
    abstract = "Objectives: To examine the validity and inter-unit reliability of 10. Hz GPS for measuring instantaneous velocity during maximal accelerations. Design: Experimental. Methods: Two 10. Hz GPS devices secured to a sliding platform mounted on a custom built monorail were towed whilst sprinting maximally over 10. m. Displacement of GPS devices was measured using a laser sampling at 2000. Hz, from which velocity and mean acceleration were derived. Velocity data was pooled into acceleration thresholds according to mean acceleration. Agreement between laser and GPS measures of instantaneous velocity within each acceleration threshold was examined using least squares linear regression and Bland-Altman limits of agreement (LOA). Inter-unit reliability was expressed as typical error (TE) and a Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: Mean bias±95{\%} LOA during accelerations of 0-0.99ms-2 was 0.12±0.27ms-1, decreasing to -0.40±0.67ms-1 during accelerations >4ms-2. Standard error of the estimate ±95{\%} CI (SEE) increased from 0.12±0.02ms-1 during accelerations of 0-0.99ms-2 to 0.32±0.06ms-1 during accelerations >4ms-2. TE increased from 0.05±0.01 to 0.12±0.01ms-1 during accelerations of 0-0.99ms-2 and >4ms-2 respectively. Conclusion: The validity and reliability of 10Hz GPS for the measurement of instantaneous velocity has been shown to be inversely related to acceleration. Those using 10Hz GPS should be aware that during accelerations of over 4ms-2, accuracy is compromised.",
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    The acceleration dependent validity and reliability of 10Hz GPS. / Akenhead, Richard; French, Duncan; Thompson, Kevin G; Hayes, Philip R.

    In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol. 17, No. 5, 2014, p. 562-566.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - The acceleration dependent validity and reliability of 10Hz GPS

    AU - Akenhead, Richard

    AU - French, Duncan

    AU - Thompson, Kevin G

    AU - Hayes, Philip R.

    N1 - Copyright © 2013 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PY - 2014

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    N2 - Objectives: To examine the validity and inter-unit reliability of 10. Hz GPS for measuring instantaneous velocity during maximal accelerations. Design: Experimental. Methods: Two 10. Hz GPS devices secured to a sliding platform mounted on a custom built monorail were towed whilst sprinting maximally over 10. m. Displacement of GPS devices was measured using a laser sampling at 2000. Hz, from which velocity and mean acceleration were derived. Velocity data was pooled into acceleration thresholds according to mean acceleration. Agreement between laser and GPS measures of instantaneous velocity within each acceleration threshold was examined using least squares linear regression and Bland-Altman limits of agreement (LOA). Inter-unit reliability was expressed as typical error (TE) and a Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: Mean bias±95% LOA during accelerations of 0-0.99ms-2 was 0.12±0.27ms-1, decreasing to -0.40±0.67ms-1 during accelerations >4ms-2. Standard error of the estimate ±95% CI (SEE) increased from 0.12±0.02ms-1 during accelerations of 0-0.99ms-2 to 0.32±0.06ms-1 during accelerations >4ms-2. TE increased from 0.05±0.01 to 0.12±0.01ms-1 during accelerations of 0-0.99ms-2 and >4ms-2 respectively. Conclusion: The validity and reliability of 10Hz GPS for the measurement of instantaneous velocity has been shown to be inversely related to acceleration. Those using 10Hz GPS should be aware that during accelerations of over 4ms-2, accuracy is compromised.

    AB - Objectives: To examine the validity and inter-unit reliability of 10. Hz GPS for measuring instantaneous velocity during maximal accelerations. Design: Experimental. Methods: Two 10. Hz GPS devices secured to a sliding platform mounted on a custom built monorail were towed whilst sprinting maximally over 10. m. Displacement of GPS devices was measured using a laser sampling at 2000. Hz, from which velocity and mean acceleration were derived. Velocity data was pooled into acceleration thresholds according to mean acceleration. Agreement between laser and GPS measures of instantaneous velocity within each acceleration threshold was examined using least squares linear regression and Bland-Altman limits of agreement (LOA). Inter-unit reliability was expressed as typical error (TE) and a Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: Mean bias±95% LOA during accelerations of 0-0.99ms-2 was 0.12±0.27ms-1, decreasing to -0.40±0.67ms-1 during accelerations >4ms-2. Standard error of the estimate ±95% CI (SEE) increased from 0.12±0.02ms-1 during accelerations of 0-0.99ms-2 to 0.32±0.06ms-1 during accelerations >4ms-2. TE increased from 0.05±0.01 to 0.12±0.01ms-1 during accelerations of 0-0.99ms-2 and >4ms-2 respectively. Conclusion: The validity and reliability of 10Hz GPS for the measurement of instantaneous velocity has been shown to be inversely related to acceleration. Those using 10Hz GPS should be aware that during accelerations of over 4ms-2, accuracy is compromised.

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    KW - Geographic Information Systems

    KW - Reproducibility of Results

    KW - Humans

    KW - Least-Squares Analysis

    KW - Running

    KW - Acceleration

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