The Acceptability Among Health Researchers and Clinicians of Social Media to Translate Research Evidence to Clinical Practice: Mixed-Methods Survey and Interview Study

Jacqueline Tunnecliff, Dragan llic, Jennifer Keating, Jamie GAIDA, Lynette Clearihan, Sivalal Sadasivan, David Davies, S. R. Ganesh, Patitapaban Mohanty, John Weiner, John Reynolds, Stephen Maloney

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    Abstract

    Background: Establishing and promoting connections between health researchers and health professional clinicians may help translate research evidence to clinical practice. Social media may have the capacity to enhance these connections. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore health researchers' and clinicians' current use of social media and their beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for communicating research evidence. Methods: This study used a mixed-methods approach to obtain qualitative and quantitative data. Participation was open to health researchers and clinicians. Data regarding demographic details, current use of social media, and beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for professional purposes were obtained through an anonymous Web-based survey. The survey was distributed via email to research centers, educational and clinical institutions, and health professional associations in Australia, India, and Malaysia. Consenting participants were stratified by country and role and selected at random for semistructured telephone interviews to explore themes arising from the survey. Results: A total of 856 participants completed the questionnaire with 125 participants declining to participate, resulting in a response rate of 87.3%. 69 interviews were conducted with participants from Australia, India, and Malaysia. Social media was used for recreation by 89.2% (749/840) of participants and for professional purposes by 80.0% (682/852) of participants. Significant associations were found between frequency of professional social media use and age, gender, country of residence, and graduate status. Over a quarter (26.9%, 229/852) of participants used social media for obtaining research evidence, and 15.0% (128/852) of participants used social media for disseminating research evidence. Most participants (95.9%, 810/845) felt there was a role for social media in disseminating or obtaining research evidence. Over half of the participants (449/842, 53.3%) felt they had a need for training in the use of social media for professional development. A key barrier to the professional use of social media was concerns regarding trustworthiness of information. Conclusions: A large majority of health researchers and clinicians use social media in recreational and professional contexts. Social media is less frequently used for communication of research evidence. Training in the use of social media for professional development and methods to improve the trustworthiness of information obtained via social media may enhance the utility of social media for communicating research evidence. Future studies should investigate the efficacy of social media in translating research evidence to clinical practice.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere119
    Pages (from-to)1-11
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Medical Internet Research
    Volume17
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015

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    Social Media
    Research Personnel
    Interviews
    Health
    Research
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Malaysia
    India
    Recreation

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    Tunnecliff, Jacqueline ; llic, Dragan ; Keating, Jennifer ; GAIDA, Jamie ; Clearihan, Lynette ; Sadasivan, Sivalal ; Davies, David ; Ganesh, S. R. ; Mohanty, Patitapaban ; Weiner, John ; Reynolds, John ; Maloney, Stephen. / The Acceptability Among Health Researchers and Clinicians of Social Media to Translate Research Evidence to Clinical Practice: Mixed-Methods Survey and Interview Study. In: Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2015 ; Vol. 17, No. 5. pp. 1-11.
    @article{5f860087d6dc41619f838bb8525cae02,
    title = "The Acceptability Among Health Researchers and Clinicians of Social Media to Translate Research Evidence to Clinical Practice: Mixed-Methods Survey and Interview Study",
    abstract = "Background: Establishing and promoting connections between health researchers and health professional clinicians may help translate research evidence to clinical practice. Social media may have the capacity to enhance these connections. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore health researchers' and clinicians' current use of social media and their beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for communicating research evidence. Methods: This study used a mixed-methods approach to obtain qualitative and quantitative data. Participation was open to health researchers and clinicians. Data regarding demographic details, current use of social media, and beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for professional purposes were obtained through an anonymous Web-based survey. The survey was distributed via email to research centers, educational and clinical institutions, and health professional associations in Australia, India, and Malaysia. Consenting participants were stratified by country and role and selected at random for semistructured telephone interviews to explore themes arising from the survey. Results: A total of 856 participants completed the questionnaire with 125 participants declining to participate, resulting in a response rate of 87.3{\%}. 69 interviews were conducted with participants from Australia, India, and Malaysia. Social media was used for recreation by 89.2{\%} (749/840) of participants and for professional purposes by 80.0{\%} (682/852) of participants. Significant associations were found between frequency of professional social media use and age, gender, country of residence, and graduate status. Over a quarter (26.9{\%}, 229/852) of participants used social media for obtaining research evidence, and 15.0{\%} (128/852) of participants used social media for disseminating research evidence. Most participants (95.9{\%}, 810/845) felt there was a role for social media in disseminating or obtaining research evidence. Over half of the participants (449/842, 53.3{\%}) felt they had a need for training in the use of social media for professional development. A key barrier to the professional use of social media was concerns regarding trustworthiness of information. Conclusions: A large majority of health researchers and clinicians use social media in recreational and professional contexts. Social media is less frequently used for communication of research evidence. Training in the use of social media for professional development and methods to improve the trustworthiness of information obtained via social media may enhance the utility of social media for communicating research evidence. Future studies should investigate the efficacy of social media in translating research evidence to clinical practice.",
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    author = "Jacqueline Tunnecliff and Dragan llic and Jennifer Keating and Jamie GAIDA and Lynette Clearihan and Sivalal Sadasivan and David Davies and Ganesh, {S. R.} and Patitapaban Mohanty and John Weiner and John Reynolds and Stephen Maloney",
    year = "2015",
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    doi = "10.2196/jmir.4347",
    language = "English",
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    Tunnecliff, J, llic, D, Keating, J, GAIDA, J, Clearihan, L, Sadasivan, S, Davies, D, Ganesh, SR, Mohanty, P, Weiner, J, Reynolds, J & Maloney, S 2015, 'The Acceptability Among Health Researchers and Clinicians of Social Media to Translate Research Evidence to Clinical Practice: Mixed-Methods Survey and Interview Study', Journal of Medical Internet Research, vol. 17, no. 5, e119, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.4347

    The Acceptability Among Health Researchers and Clinicians of Social Media to Translate Research Evidence to Clinical Practice: Mixed-Methods Survey and Interview Study. / Tunnecliff, Jacqueline; llic, Dragan; Keating, Jennifer; GAIDA, Jamie; Clearihan, Lynette; Sadasivan, Sivalal; Davies, David; Ganesh, S. R.; Mohanty, Patitapaban; Weiner, John; Reynolds, John; Maloney, Stephen.

    In: Journal of Medical Internet Research, Vol. 17, No. 5, e119, 01.05.2015, p. 1-11.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - The Acceptability Among Health Researchers and Clinicians of Social Media to Translate Research Evidence to Clinical Practice: Mixed-Methods Survey and Interview Study

    AU - Tunnecliff, Jacqueline

    AU - llic, Dragan

    AU - Keating, Jennifer

    AU - GAIDA, Jamie

    AU - Clearihan, Lynette

    AU - Sadasivan, Sivalal

    AU - Davies, David

    AU - Ganesh, S. R.

    AU - Mohanty, Patitapaban

    AU - Weiner, John

    AU - Reynolds, John

    AU - Maloney, Stephen

    PY - 2015/5/1

    Y1 - 2015/5/1

    N2 - Background: Establishing and promoting connections between health researchers and health professional clinicians may help translate research evidence to clinical practice. Social media may have the capacity to enhance these connections. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore health researchers' and clinicians' current use of social media and their beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for communicating research evidence. Methods: This study used a mixed-methods approach to obtain qualitative and quantitative data. Participation was open to health researchers and clinicians. Data regarding demographic details, current use of social media, and beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for professional purposes were obtained through an anonymous Web-based survey. The survey was distributed via email to research centers, educational and clinical institutions, and health professional associations in Australia, India, and Malaysia. Consenting participants were stratified by country and role and selected at random for semistructured telephone interviews to explore themes arising from the survey. Results: A total of 856 participants completed the questionnaire with 125 participants declining to participate, resulting in a response rate of 87.3%. 69 interviews were conducted with participants from Australia, India, and Malaysia. Social media was used for recreation by 89.2% (749/840) of participants and for professional purposes by 80.0% (682/852) of participants. Significant associations were found between frequency of professional social media use and age, gender, country of residence, and graduate status. Over a quarter (26.9%, 229/852) of participants used social media for obtaining research evidence, and 15.0% (128/852) of participants used social media for disseminating research evidence. Most participants (95.9%, 810/845) felt there was a role for social media in disseminating or obtaining research evidence. Over half of the participants (449/842, 53.3%) felt they had a need for training in the use of social media for professional development. A key barrier to the professional use of social media was concerns regarding trustworthiness of information. Conclusions: A large majority of health researchers and clinicians use social media in recreational and professional contexts. Social media is less frequently used for communication of research evidence. Training in the use of social media for professional development and methods to improve the trustworthiness of information obtained via social media may enhance the utility of social media for communicating research evidence. Future studies should investigate the efficacy of social media in translating research evidence to clinical practice.

    AB - Background: Establishing and promoting connections between health researchers and health professional clinicians may help translate research evidence to clinical practice. Social media may have the capacity to enhance these connections. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore health researchers' and clinicians' current use of social media and their beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for communicating research evidence. Methods: This study used a mixed-methods approach to obtain qualitative and quantitative data. Participation was open to health researchers and clinicians. Data regarding demographic details, current use of social media, and beliefs and attitudes towards the use of social media for professional purposes were obtained through an anonymous Web-based survey. The survey was distributed via email to research centers, educational and clinical institutions, and health professional associations in Australia, India, and Malaysia. Consenting participants were stratified by country and role and selected at random for semistructured telephone interviews to explore themes arising from the survey. Results: A total of 856 participants completed the questionnaire with 125 participants declining to participate, resulting in a response rate of 87.3%. 69 interviews were conducted with participants from Australia, India, and Malaysia. Social media was used for recreation by 89.2% (749/840) of participants and for professional purposes by 80.0% (682/852) of participants. Significant associations were found between frequency of professional social media use and age, gender, country of residence, and graduate status. Over a quarter (26.9%, 229/852) of participants used social media for obtaining research evidence, and 15.0% (128/852) of participants used social media for disseminating research evidence. Most participants (95.9%, 810/845) felt there was a role for social media in disseminating or obtaining research evidence. Over half of the participants (449/842, 53.3%) felt they had a need for training in the use of social media for professional development. A key barrier to the professional use of social media was concerns regarding trustworthiness of information. Conclusions: A large majority of health researchers and clinicians use social media in recreational and professional contexts. Social media is less frequently used for communication of research evidence. Training in the use of social media for professional development and methods to improve the trustworthiness of information obtained via social media may enhance the utility of social media for communicating research evidence. Future studies should investigate the efficacy of social media in translating research evidence to clinical practice.

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    KW - evidence-based medicine

    KW - communication

    KW - eLearning

    KW - Social media

    KW - Evidence-based medicine

    KW - Communication

    KW - Attitude of Health Personnel

    KW - Social Media

    KW - Humans

    KW - Middle Aged

    KW - Male

    KW - Evidence-Based Medicine

    KW - Information Dissemination/methods

    KW - Research Personnel

    KW - Adult

    KW - Female

    KW - Australia

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