The Burpee Enigma: Literature Review

S. Bingley, J. Witchalls, A. McKune, C. Humberstone

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstractpeer-review


Background: The burpee, is one of the best-known exercises worldwide due to increased popularity among high intensity interval training programs. However, previously conducted research on the burpee has used inconsistent terminology and discrepancies in technical knowledge that has resulted in uncertain data representation. This literature review is the first to collate evidence of different forms of burpees from previous research, and critically analyse the physiological and performance effects of each different version.

Methods: The preliminary search was performed electronically using Google Scholar, PubMed and Web of Science. The search was conducted on all language written papers pending legible translation, published in peer reviewed journals from January 1939-September 2018 (when the initial search started). Studies that investigated physiological responses (heart rate, blood lactate and oxygen consumption) and/or anthropometric values (height, weight, age, gender) and/or the development/history of the nomenclature of the burpee were included.

Results: From the initial 2700 results, only 19 papers were examined in depth having met the appropriate inclusion criteria.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-1
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019


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