The DNA methylome of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) reflects intrinsic and extrinsic factors in intestinal mucosal cells

Iolanda Agliata, Nora Fernandez-Jimenez, Chloe Goldsmith, Julien C Marie, Jose R Bilbao, Robert Dante, Hector Hernandez-Vargas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abnormal DNA methylation has been described in human inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). As other complex diseases, IBD results from the balance between genetic predisposition and environmental exposures. As such, DNA methylation may be the consequence (and potential effector) of both, genetic susceptibility variants and/or environmental signals such as cytokine exposure. We attempted to discern between these two non-excluding possibilities by performing a combined analysis of published DNA methylation data in intestinal mucosal cells of IBD and control samples. We identified abnormal DNA methylation at different levels: deviation from mean methylation signals at site and region levels, and differential variability. A fraction of such changes is associated with genetic polymorphisms linked to IBD susceptibility. In addition, by comparing with another intestinal inflammatory condition (i.e., coeliac disease) we propose that aberrant DNA methylation can also be the result of unspecific processes such as chronic inflammation. Our characterization suggests that IBD methylomes combine intrinsic and extrinsic responses in intestinal mucosal cells, and could point to knowledge-based biomarkers of IBD detection and progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1068-1082
Number of pages15
JournalEpigenetics
Volume15
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes

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