The effect of a second runner on pacing strategy and RPE during a running time trial

Deryn Bath, Louise Turner, Andrew Bosch, Ross Tucker, Ross Tucker, Kevin Thompson, Alan St Claire Gibson

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    Abstract

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine performance, pacing strategy and perception of effort during a 5 km time trial while running with or without the presence of another athlete.

    METHODS: Eleven nonelite male athletes participated in five 5 km time trials: two self-paced, maximal effort trials performed at the start and end of the study, and three trials performed in the presence of a second runner. In the three trials, the second runner ran either in front of the subject, behind the subject, or next to the subject. Performance times, heart rate, RPE, and a subjective assessment of the effect of the second runner on the athlete's performance were recorded during each of the trials.

    RESULTS: There was no significant difference in performance times, heart rate or RPE between any of the five trials. Running speed declined from the 1st to the 4th kilometer and then increased for the last kilometer in all five trials. Following the completion of all trials, 9 of the 11 subjects perceived it to be easier to complete the 5 km time trial with another runner in comparison with running alone.

    CONCLUSIONS: While the athletes perceived their performance to be improved by the presence of another runner, their pacing strategy, running speed, heart rate and RPE were not significantly altered. These findings indicate that an athlete's subconscious pacing strategy is robust and is not altered by the presence of another runner.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)26-32
    Number of pages7
    JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
    Volume7
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

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    Bath, D., Turner, L., Bosch, A., Tucker, R., Tucker, R., Thompson, K., & St Claire Gibson, A. (2012). The effect of a second runner on pacing strategy and RPE during a running time trial. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 7(1), 26-32.
    Bath, Deryn ; Turner, Louise ; Bosch, Andrew ; Tucker, Ross ; Tucker, Ross ; Thompson, Kevin ; St Claire Gibson, Alan. / The effect of a second runner on pacing strategy and RPE during a running time trial. In: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 2012 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 26-32.
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    abstract = "PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine performance, pacing strategy and perception of effort during a 5 km time trial while running with or without the presence of another athlete.METHODS: Eleven nonelite male athletes participated in five 5 km time trials: two self-paced, maximal effort trials performed at the start and end of the study, and three trials performed in the presence of a second runner. In the three trials, the second runner ran either in front of the subject, behind the subject, or next to the subject. Performance times, heart rate, RPE, and a subjective assessment of the effect of the second runner on the athlete's performance were recorded during each of the trials.RESULTS: There was no significant difference in performance times, heart rate or RPE between any of the five trials. Running speed declined from the 1st to the 4th kilometer and then increased for the last kilometer in all five trials. Following the completion of all trials, 9 of the 11 subjects perceived it to be easier to complete the 5 km time trial with another runner in comparison with running alone.CONCLUSIONS: While the athletes perceived their performance to be improved by the presence of another runner, their pacing strategy, running speed, heart rate and RPE were not significantly altered. These findings indicate that an athlete's subconscious pacing strategy is robust and is not altered by the presence of another runner.",
    keywords = "Fatigue, Pacing, Perceived exertion, RPE, Running",
    author = "Deryn Bath and Louise Turner and Andrew Bosch and Ross Tucker and Ross Tucker and Kevin Thompson and {St Claire Gibson}, Alan",
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    Bath, D, Turner, L, Bosch, A, Tucker, R, Tucker, R, Thompson, K & St Claire Gibson, A 2012, 'The effect of a second runner on pacing strategy and RPE during a running time trial', International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 26-32.

    The effect of a second runner on pacing strategy and RPE during a running time trial. / Bath, Deryn; Turner, Louise; Bosch, Andrew; Tucker, Ross; Tucker, Ross; Thompson, Kevin; St Claire Gibson, Alan.

    In: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, Vol. 7, No. 1, 03.2012, p. 26-32.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The effect of a second runner on pacing strategy and RPE during a running time trial

    AU - Bath, Deryn

    AU - Turner, Louise

    AU - Bosch, Andrew

    AU - Tucker, Ross

    AU - Tucker, Ross

    AU - Thompson, Kevin

    AU - St Claire Gibson, Alan

    PY - 2012/3

    Y1 - 2012/3

    N2 - PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine performance, pacing strategy and perception of effort during a 5 km time trial while running with or without the presence of another athlete.METHODS: Eleven nonelite male athletes participated in five 5 km time trials: two self-paced, maximal effort trials performed at the start and end of the study, and three trials performed in the presence of a second runner. In the three trials, the second runner ran either in front of the subject, behind the subject, or next to the subject. Performance times, heart rate, RPE, and a subjective assessment of the effect of the second runner on the athlete's performance were recorded during each of the trials.RESULTS: There was no significant difference in performance times, heart rate or RPE between any of the five trials. Running speed declined from the 1st to the 4th kilometer and then increased for the last kilometer in all five trials. Following the completion of all trials, 9 of the 11 subjects perceived it to be easier to complete the 5 km time trial with another runner in comparison with running alone.CONCLUSIONS: While the athletes perceived their performance to be improved by the presence of another runner, their pacing strategy, running speed, heart rate and RPE were not significantly altered. These findings indicate that an athlete's subconscious pacing strategy is robust and is not altered by the presence of another runner.

    AB - PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine performance, pacing strategy and perception of effort during a 5 km time trial while running with or without the presence of another athlete.METHODS: Eleven nonelite male athletes participated in five 5 km time trials: two self-paced, maximal effort trials performed at the start and end of the study, and three trials performed in the presence of a second runner. In the three trials, the second runner ran either in front of the subject, behind the subject, or next to the subject. Performance times, heart rate, RPE, and a subjective assessment of the effect of the second runner on the athlete's performance were recorded during each of the trials.RESULTS: There was no significant difference in performance times, heart rate or RPE between any of the five trials. Running speed declined from the 1st to the 4th kilometer and then increased for the last kilometer in all five trials. Following the completion of all trials, 9 of the 11 subjects perceived it to be easier to complete the 5 km time trial with another runner in comparison with running alone.CONCLUSIONS: While the athletes perceived their performance to be improved by the presence of another runner, their pacing strategy, running speed, heart rate and RPE were not significantly altered. These findings indicate that an athlete's subconscious pacing strategy is robust and is not altered by the presence of another runner.

    KW - Fatigue

    KW - Pacing

    KW - Perceived exertion

    KW - RPE

    KW - Running

    M3 - Article

    VL - 7

    SP - 26

    EP - 32

    JO - International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

    JF - International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

    SN - 1555-0265

    IS - 1

    ER -