The effect of group exercise frequency on health related quality of life in institutionalized elderly

Nivash Rugbeer, Serela Ramklass, Andrew Mckune, Johan van Heerden

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    Abstract

    INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to determine the effect of group exercise frequency on health related quality of life in institutionalized elderly.

    METHODS: One hundred participants were recruited for voluntary participation from five aged care facilities, with inclusion being based on the outcome of a medical assessment by a sports physician. A quasi-experimental design was used to compare the effect of a 12 week group exercise programme on two groups of participants using pre-test and post-test procedures.

    RESULTS: A significant difference was noted in social function post training 2X/week (MD = -13.85, 95% CI [-24.66, -3.38], p = 0.017, d = 0.674) and 3X/week (MD = -13.30, 95% CI [-21.81, -5.59], p = 0.003, d = 0.712) a week. Training 3X/week a week provided an additional benefit in vitality (MD = -7.55, 95% CI [-13.16, -1.91], p = 0.018, d =0. 379). Improvements in mental component summary scale post training 2X/week (MD = -4.08, 95% CI [-7.67, -0.42], p = 0.033, d = 0.425) and 3X/week (MD = -6.67, 95% CI [-10.92, -2.33], p = 0.005, d = 0.567) a week was further noted.

    CONCLUSION: Mental health and social health benefits can be obtained irrespective of exercise frequency 2X/week or 3X/week. The exercise intervention at a frequency 3X/ week was more effective in improving mental component summary due to a larger effect size obtained compared to the exercise frequency of 2X/week. Additional benefits in vitality were achieved by exercising 3X/week. This may assist the elderly in preserving their independence.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)35
    JournalPan African Medical Journal
    Volume26
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

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    Quality of Life
    Exercise
    Insurance Benefits
    Sports
    Mental Health
    Research Design
    Physicians

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    @article{cc854705f3274e4f92c1cda41681f8dc,
    title = "The effect of group exercise frequency on health related quality of life in institutionalized elderly",
    abstract = "INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to determine the effect of group exercise frequency on health related quality of life in institutionalized elderly.METHODS: One hundred participants were recruited for voluntary participation from five aged care facilities, with inclusion being based on the outcome of a medical assessment by a sports physician. A quasi-experimental design was used to compare the effect of a 12 week group exercise programme on two groups of participants using pre-test and post-test procedures.RESULTS: A significant difference was noted in social function post training 2X/week (MD = -13.85, 95{\%} CI [-24.66, -3.38], p = 0.017, d = 0.674) and 3X/week (MD = -13.30, 95{\%} CI [-21.81, -5.59], p = 0.003, d = 0.712) a week. Training 3X/week a week provided an additional benefit in vitality (MD = -7.55, 95{\%} CI [-13.16, -1.91], p = 0.018, d =0. 379). Improvements in mental component summary scale post training 2X/week (MD = -4.08, 95{\%} CI [-7.67, -0.42], p = 0.033, d = 0.425) and 3X/week (MD = -6.67, 95{\%} CI [-10.92, -2.33], p = 0.005, d = 0.567) a week was further noted.CONCLUSION: Mental health and social health benefits can be obtained irrespective of exercise frequency 2X/week or 3X/week. The exercise intervention at a frequency 3X/ week was more effective in improving mental component summary due to a larger effect size obtained compared to the exercise frequency of 2X/week. Additional benefits in vitality were achieved by exercising 3X/week. This may assist the elderly in preserving their independence.",
    keywords = "Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Exercise, Exercise Therapy, Female, Humans, Institutionalization, Male, Middle Aged, Quality of Life, Comparative Study, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial",
    author = "Nivash Rugbeer and Serela Ramklass and Andrew Mckune and {van Heerden}, Johan",
    year = "2017",
    doi = "10.11604/pamj.2017.26.35.10518",
    language = "English",
    volume = "26",
    pages = "35",
    journal = "Pan African Medical Journal",
    issn = "1937-8688",
    publisher = "Pan African Medical Journal",

    }

    The effect of group exercise frequency on health related quality of life in institutionalized elderly. / Rugbeer, Nivash; Ramklass, Serela; Mckune, Andrew; van Heerden, Johan.

    In: Pan African Medical Journal, Vol. 26, 2017, p. 35.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The effect of group exercise frequency on health related quality of life in institutionalized elderly

    AU - Rugbeer, Nivash

    AU - Ramklass, Serela

    AU - Mckune, Andrew

    AU - van Heerden, Johan

    PY - 2017

    Y1 - 2017

    N2 - INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to determine the effect of group exercise frequency on health related quality of life in institutionalized elderly.METHODS: One hundred participants were recruited for voluntary participation from five aged care facilities, with inclusion being based on the outcome of a medical assessment by a sports physician. A quasi-experimental design was used to compare the effect of a 12 week group exercise programme on two groups of participants using pre-test and post-test procedures.RESULTS: A significant difference was noted in social function post training 2X/week (MD = -13.85, 95% CI [-24.66, -3.38], p = 0.017, d = 0.674) and 3X/week (MD = -13.30, 95% CI [-21.81, -5.59], p = 0.003, d = 0.712) a week. Training 3X/week a week provided an additional benefit in vitality (MD = -7.55, 95% CI [-13.16, -1.91], p = 0.018, d =0. 379). Improvements in mental component summary scale post training 2X/week (MD = -4.08, 95% CI [-7.67, -0.42], p = 0.033, d = 0.425) and 3X/week (MD = -6.67, 95% CI [-10.92, -2.33], p = 0.005, d = 0.567) a week was further noted.CONCLUSION: Mental health and social health benefits can be obtained irrespective of exercise frequency 2X/week or 3X/week. The exercise intervention at a frequency 3X/ week was more effective in improving mental component summary due to a larger effect size obtained compared to the exercise frequency of 2X/week. Additional benefits in vitality were achieved by exercising 3X/week. This may assist the elderly in preserving their independence.

    AB - INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to determine the effect of group exercise frequency on health related quality of life in institutionalized elderly.METHODS: One hundred participants were recruited for voluntary participation from five aged care facilities, with inclusion being based on the outcome of a medical assessment by a sports physician. A quasi-experimental design was used to compare the effect of a 12 week group exercise programme on two groups of participants using pre-test and post-test procedures.RESULTS: A significant difference was noted in social function post training 2X/week (MD = -13.85, 95% CI [-24.66, -3.38], p = 0.017, d = 0.674) and 3X/week (MD = -13.30, 95% CI [-21.81, -5.59], p = 0.003, d = 0.712) a week. Training 3X/week a week provided an additional benefit in vitality (MD = -7.55, 95% CI [-13.16, -1.91], p = 0.018, d =0. 379). Improvements in mental component summary scale post training 2X/week (MD = -4.08, 95% CI [-7.67, -0.42], p = 0.033, d = 0.425) and 3X/week (MD = -6.67, 95% CI [-10.92, -2.33], p = 0.005, d = 0.567) a week was further noted.CONCLUSION: Mental health and social health benefits can be obtained irrespective of exercise frequency 2X/week or 3X/week. The exercise intervention at a frequency 3X/ week was more effective in improving mental component summary due to a larger effect size obtained compared to the exercise frequency of 2X/week. Additional benefits in vitality were achieved by exercising 3X/week. This may assist the elderly in preserving their independence.

    KW - Aged

    KW - Aged, 80 and over

    KW - Exercise

    KW - Exercise Therapy

    KW - Female

    KW - Humans

    KW - Institutionalization

    KW - Male

    KW - Middle Aged

    KW - Quality of Life

    KW - Comparative Study

    KW - Journal Article

    KW - Randomized Controlled Trial

    U2 - 10.11604/pamj.2017.26.35.10518

    DO - 10.11604/pamj.2017.26.35.10518

    M3 - Article

    VL - 26

    SP - 35

    JO - Pan African Medical Journal

    JF - Pan African Medical Journal

    SN - 1937-8688

    ER -